Structure and Organization of Treasury
The financial management of a non-financial firm is conventionally divided among treasury activities and controller activities. This is a difference between cash flow (treasury) and financial reporting (controller). Corporate treasury functions involve cash management, investment and debt management, financial risk management and investor relations. Treasury functions as well deal along with complex financial areas, like foreign exchange rates, derivatives and interest rate swaps, among other things. Treasury functions also might be different between, say, a manufacturing firm and a bank. Controller carries out the main tasks of recording, internal and external financial reporting. Both the treasurer and controller are accountable to the top management.