Reorganisation of Export Councils:
India has a large number of exporpromotion councils, commodity boards and other similar agencies, butheir impact on India's foreign trade has been minimal, if any. There is need to reorganise these organisations in such a way that they become aeffective as similar agencies in Japan and South Korea.
Strategy to Fight NTBs:
India should adopt a four-pronged strategy tomeet the joint challenge of a United Europe and opening up of EasEurope. The strategy should consist of four elements: (a) restructuringof the corporate sector; (b) better quality products; (c) revaluation oGeneral System of Preferences (GSP); and (d) linkages in industriaproducts. The corporate sector should identify products which have market in EU. Simultaneously, the high cost of Indian goods should bbrought down by raising productivity and upgradation of technology. A related aspect is that India must develop a policy to fight NTBs. Apossible way will be to utilise some kind of an instrument like Specia301 used by the US against countries which restrict Indian goods. Whilit may be difficult to have as strong a weapon as Special or Super 301India can work out some such instruments to be used against unfair tradpartners. Likewise, strategies will also have to be developed to improvIndia's stand at WTO on issues pertaining to countries imposing NTBs.