Steps for preparing final accounts-branches, Financial Accounting

Steps for preparing Final Accounts

The following steps should be followed in preparing the final accounts where we have a foreign branch.

1. Update the trial balance of the branch that is given in the foreign currency with the following items:

a) closing  inventory  DR   Balance sheet
                                              CR  profit and loss.

b) Accrued or prepaid expenses.     Accrual       :  DR.  profit and loss (expense)
                                                                                     CR    balance sheet (liability)

                                                          Prepayment :  DR.  Balance sheet (Asset)
                                                                                      CR   Profit and loss (expense, income)


c) Depreciation:    DR.  Profit and loss (expense)
                                         CR  Balance sheet (provision)


2. Translate the updated trial balance of the branch using the exchange rates given and depending on the method of translation.

Once the trial balance has been translated into the local currency, the debit side may not be the same as a credit side and balancing figure is the exchange gain or loss. If the debit side is more than the credit side, then difference is an exchange gain and if the credit side is more than the debit side then the difference is an exchange loss.

3. Prepare the final accounts of the branch in the normal way using the trial balance of the head. And the translated trial balance of the branch.

Care should be taken on the treatment of the exchange gain or loss. The following points should be applicable.

a) If the functional currency method is being used, then any exchange gain or loss will appear in the column  of the branch and the combined business in the profit and loss accounts. An exchange gain will appear as other incomes under gross profit and exchange loss and expense in the profit and loss account.

b) If the presentation method is being used, then the exchange gain or loss will be taken to a foreign  exchange reserve  which will appear as part of capital and reserves in the balance sheet of the branch and the combined business or added to the head office current account.

Posted Date: 12/12/2012 2:06:15 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Steps for preparing final accounts-branches, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Steps for preparing final accounts-branches, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Steps for preparing final accounts-branches Discussions

Write discussion on Steps for preparing final accounts-branches
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
disscuss the applicability of a operating cycle in vegetable growing bussiness in uganda

i need you to answer my cases

You own a two-bond portfolio. Each has a par value of $1,000. Bond A matures in five years, has a coupon rate of 8 percent, and has an annual yield to maturity of 9.20 percent. Bon


Explain the term - Providing a service One way of viewing accounting is as a form of service. Accountants provide economic information to their 'clients', who are numerous user

MarmadukeMuffett once had a girlfriend who ran an antiques business in London'sKings Road. Ever since then, he has been hooked on the furniture trade and now runsMarmaduke'sMarvell

UNREALIZED PROFIT ON CLOSING INVENTORY Where one company has bought goods from another company in the group and part of these goods are included in the closing inventory, then t

DISSOLUTIONS A partnership may be dissolved due to various reasons which include: Poor trading that has led to losses A partner dying or leaving the firm The time

CONSTRUCTIVE TRUSTS A constructive trust is a trust imposed by equity regardless of the intention of the owner of the property: it arises by operation of law.  The concept has

An individual is currently working 40 hours per week, earning $10 per hour.  He loses his job and successfully applies for unemployment insurance.  The insurance plan works as foll