Steps for preparing final accounts-branches, Financial Accounting

Steps for preparing Final Accounts

The following steps should be followed in preparing the final accounts where we have a foreign branch.

1. Update the trial balance of the branch that is given in the foreign currency with the following items:

a) closing  inventory  DR   Balance sheet
                                              CR  profit and loss.

b) Accrued or prepaid expenses.     Accrual       :  DR.  profit and loss (expense)
                                                                                     CR    balance sheet (liability)

                                                          Prepayment :  DR.  Balance sheet (Asset)
                                                                                      CR   Profit and loss (expense, income)


c) Depreciation:    DR.  Profit and loss (expense)
                                         CR  Balance sheet (provision)


2. Translate the updated trial balance of the branch using the exchange rates given and depending on the method of translation.

Once the trial balance has been translated into the local currency, the debit side may not be the same as a credit side and balancing figure is the exchange gain or loss. If the debit side is more than the credit side, then difference is an exchange gain and if the credit side is more than the debit side then the difference is an exchange loss.

3. Prepare the final accounts of the branch in the normal way using the trial balance of the head. And the translated trial balance of the branch.

Care should be taken on the treatment of the exchange gain or loss. The following points should be applicable.

a) If the functional currency method is being used, then any exchange gain or loss will appear in the column  of the branch and the combined business in the profit and loss accounts. An exchange gain will appear as other incomes under gross profit and exchange loss and expense in the profit and loss account.

b) If the presentation method is being used, then the exchange gain or loss will be taken to a foreign  exchange reserve  which will appear as part of capital and reserves in the balance sheet of the branch and the combined business or added to the head office current account.

Posted Date: 12/12/2012 2:06:15 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Steps for preparing final accounts-branches, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Steps for preparing final accounts-branches, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Steps for preparing final accounts-branches Discussions

Write discussion on Steps for preparing final accounts-branches
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Alyssa's Custom Cakes currently sells 5 birthday, 2 wedding, and 3 specialty cakes each month for $50, $150, and $100 each, respectively.. The cost of labor is $50 per hour includi

Determine out the future value of Rs.1000 compounded yearly for 10 years at an interest rate of 10 percent. Solution: The future value 10 years thus would be FV = PV (1+k)

How does ordinary shares and preference shares included in the account

On July 1, 2010, Spear Co. issued 1,000 of its 10%, $1,000 bonds at 99 plus accrued interest. The bonds are dated April 1, 2010 and mature on April 1, 2020. Interest is payable sem

SEC reporting implications i) Potentially inaccurate reporting of executive compensation in proxy statements and annual reports ii) Potential violation of securities and Law

Series Arithmetic Mean Standard Deviation   Small-company stocks 15.9  % 32.8  %   Large-company

Protected transactions These fall into three categories: (A) Under Section 50: Payments by the bankrupt to creditors; Payments or deliveries to the bankrupt; C

BALANCE SHEET Grouping of items:   Items in the Balance Sheet should be grouped under appropriate headings. In particular, a trust operating the provisions of the Trustee Act

According to the Solow model, how would each of the following affect consumption per worker in the long run (i.e. in the steady state)? Draw a figure and explain. a. The destruc

You were recently hired by E&T Boats, Inc. to assist the company with its financial planning and to evaluate the company's performance.  E&T Boats, Inc. builds and sells boats to o