Where f = frequency of the variable, μ= population mean.
A security analyst studied hundred companies and obtained the following Return on Investment (ROI) data for the year 20x3.
No. of companies
We can find how the ROI of the company varies with the mean ROI by calculating the standard deviations for the above data.
The steps involved are:
Find mean for grouped data.
Find deviations from mean for grouped data.
Find squares of the above deviations.
Total the squared deviations taking frequency into account.
Calculate square root.
Return on investment
X - μ
f(X - μ )2
Thus, the standard deviation for the return on investment is 8.8%.
In such a calculation, we always assume that all the observations in a class interval are located at the mid-point of the class. For example, the first class interval has mid-point 5 and frequency 19. Hence the assumption is that all the 19 companies have an ROI of exactly 5%.