Standard deviation for grouped data, Applied Statistics

Grouped data 

For grouped data, the formula applied is  σ = 1926_standard dviation for grouped data.png

Where f = frequency of the variable, μ= population mean.

Example 17

 

A security analyst studied hundred companies and obtained the following Return on Investment (ROI) data for the year 20x3.

Returns %

0-10

10-20

20-30

30-40

No. of companies

19

32

41

8

We can find how the ROI of the company varies with the mean ROI by calculating the standard deviations for the above data.

The steps involved are:

  • Find mean for grouped data.

  • Find deviations from mean for grouped data.

  • Find squares of the above deviations.

  • Total the squared deviations taking frequency into account.

  •  Calculate square root.

Return on investment

Mid-point

No. of companies

Deviation

%

X

f

fX

   X - μ

 f(X -  μ  )2

0-10

5

19

95

      -13.8

3618.36

10-20

15

32

480

-3.8

462.08

20-30

25

41

1025

6.2

1576.04

30-40

35

8

280

16.2

2099.52

Total

 

100

1880

 

7756.00

Mean

2299_standard dviation for grouped data1.png

= 18.8%.
 

 


Standard Deviation 

=

775_standard dviation for grouped data2.png
  = 309_standard dviation for grouped data3.png =8.81%

Thus, the standard deviation for the return on investment is 8.8%.

In such a calculation, we always assume that all the observations in a class interval are located at the mid-point of the class. For example, the first class interval has mid-point 5 and frequency 19. Hence the assumption is that all the 19 companies have an ROI of exactly 5%.

Posted Date: 9/14/2012 3:15:32 AM | Location : United States







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