Stages of research process, Biology

Stages of Research Process:

Planning Stage The planning stage of research process  includes a  series of  interdependent steps consisting of

1)  conceptualizatioq of  the research problem,

(ii) review of literature,

(iii) development of  a conceptual  framework, and

(iv) the  research design.

Although many of these stepsare different in  their purpose they overlap in time  so that several steps are being  carried on at the  same time. For example, "review  of literature" is usually carried out at the  time  of conceptualization of reskarch problem,  development of conceptual framework and also while planning research  design. 

Conceptualization of  research problem may include several activities, such as stating the problem, defining objectives, purposes and terms to be used  in the  study. The  research design further includes steps taken  in  selecting research method  (or approach) and  sample; planning  for data collection, data processing, data analysis and  interpretation. Pilot study tests the feasibility of the design. Therefore, it can be  seen that all the steps of planning stage comes before  any data are collected. 

Implementing Phase:

The implementing phase  involves mainly the collection of data and  analysis of data, through descriptive or inferential statistics, and the interpretation of  the results. In  research the investigator collects the data that are reliable and valid by using various techniques such as questioning, observation or measurement.  If you'have a question that asks:  "how  does one know that the questionnaire will measure what it  intends to measure and that  it measures accurately",  you  are then  asking for validity and reliability. 

Posted Date: 10/27/2012 4:24:47 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Stages of research process, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Stages of research process, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Stages of research process Discussions

Write discussion on Stages of research process
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
explain the modes of nurition in animals

Mature Embryo A typical dicotyledonous embryo, as seen in a median longitudinal section, consists of an embryonal axis having two broad cotyledons. The portion of embryonal ax

Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4

what is Algae

Activated carbon has a much higher adsorption capacity than other materials. Carbon adsorbs objectionable odours, flavours, organic compounds and many hazardous chemicals. There

Prophylaxis Medical Letter consultants generally do not prescribe antibiotic prophylaxis for travelers' diarrhea, but rather instruct thec patient to begin self-treatment when

Define Essentiality of Phosphorus for Growth of Micro-Organism Phosphorus is used in the form of phosphate salt by microorganisms. It is involved in formation of nucleic acids,

Lauric Fats  Fats of this group are derived from certain species of palm, such as coconut. The fats are characterized by their high content of lauric acid (40 - 50%), moderate

What are the most important organic molecules for living beings? There are many kinds of organic molecules that are significant for the living beings. Especially vital are amin

Explain the biomechanics of cantilevers The biomechanics of cantilevers need to be understood. It has been found that when a three unit prosthesis is supported by two implants