Stages of research process, Biology

Stages of Research Process:

Planning Stage The planning stage of research process  includes a  series of  interdependent steps consisting of

1)  conceptualizatioq of  the research problem,

(ii) review of literature,

(iii) development of  a conceptual  framework, and

(iv) the  research design.

Although many of these stepsare different in  their purpose they overlap in time  so that several steps are being  carried on at the  same time. For example, "review  of literature" is usually carried out at the  time  of conceptualization of reskarch problem,  development of conceptual framework and also while planning research  design. 

Conceptualization of  research problem may include several activities, such as stating the problem, defining objectives, purposes and terms to be used  in the  study. The  research design further includes steps taken  in  selecting research method  (or approach) and  sample; planning  for data collection, data processing, data analysis and  interpretation. Pilot study tests the feasibility of the design. Therefore, it can be  seen that all the steps of planning stage comes before  any data are collected. 

Implementing Phase:

The implementing phase  involves mainly the collection of data and  analysis of data, through descriptive or inferential statistics, and the interpretation of  the results. In  research the investigator collects the data that are reliable and valid by using various techniques such as questioning, observation or measurement.  If you'have a question that asks:  "how  does one know that the questionnaire will measure what it  intends to measure and that  it measures accurately",  you  are then  asking for validity and reliability. 

Posted Date: 10/27/2012 4:24:47 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Stages of research process, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Stages of research process, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Stages of research process Discussions

Write discussion on Stages of research process
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Explain Zipping of the Apical Canal a. If the preparation is continued with progressively larger and stiffer file lead to : zipping perforation or tear apical foramen.

Impact of changes in diet in the management of diabetes mellitus Changes in diet are an essential component of comprehensive diabetes care and treatment.  In this section you w

Overgrazing - Degradation of Ecosystem It refers to the condition when the grazing pressure on the vegetation is so intense that it does not recover. Ultimately, there is a lo

What are the adaptions flatworms neeed in order to live in their environment?

What is the type of circulatory system present in arthropods? Do these animals have heart and respiratory pigments? In arthropods the respiratory system is open (lacunar). Blo

Explain saturated fatty acids Some of the more significant saturated fatty acids with their systematic and common names are listed in table, and some of the unsaturated fatty a

Risk Characterization Risk  Characterization :  Integration  of  hazard  identification,  hazard characterization and exposure assessment into an estimation of the adverse e

Q. What is the difference between facilitated and simple diffusion? Facilitated by which kind of molecule does the term "facilitated" mean? Simple diffusion is the direct passa

wath is sun

#applications of biotechnology..