Stages of research process, Biology

Stages of Research Process:

Planning Stage The planning stage of research process  includes a  series of  interdependent steps consisting of

1)  conceptualizatioq of  the research problem,

(ii) review of literature,

(iii) development of  a conceptual  framework, and

(iv) the  research design.

Although many of these stepsare different in  their purpose they overlap in time  so that several steps are being  carried on at the  same time. For example, "review  of literature" is usually carried out at the  time  of conceptualization of reskarch problem,  development of conceptual framework and also while planning research  design. 

Conceptualization of  research problem may include several activities, such as stating the problem, defining objectives, purposes and terms to be used  in the  study. The  research design further includes steps taken  in  selecting research method  (or approach) and  sample; planning  for data collection, data processing, data analysis and  interpretation. Pilot study tests the feasibility of the design. Therefore, it can be  seen that all the steps of planning stage comes before  any data are collected. 

Implementing Phase:

The implementing phase  involves mainly the collection of data and  analysis of data, through descriptive or inferential statistics, and the interpretation of  the results. In  research the investigator collects the data that are reliable and valid by using various techniques such as questioning, observation or measurement.  If you'have a question that asks:  "how  does one know that the questionnaire will measure what it  intends to measure and that  it measures accurately",  you  are then  asking for validity and reliability. 

Posted Date: 10/27/2012 4:24:47 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Stages of research process, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Stages of research process, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Stages of research process Discussions

Write discussion on Stages of research process
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Explain Phenylephine and Methoxamine in amyl nitrite ? They have opposing effects to amyl nitrite as they increase the systemic BP. phenylephine due to its shorter duration of

Intracellular digestion, or cellular digestion, is the breaking in the interior of the cell of big molecules coming from outside or even from the own cell metabolism into smaller m


Headache Associated with Neurological Diseases Headache is a symptom of many nervous system disorders, usually resulting from the distortion of pain sensitive structures. Commo

What is the Classification of Burns? Burns can be classified on the basis of the extent, depth, patient age and associated illness or injury. On the basis of depth, burns are u

why the excretory organ of prawn is called ''green gland''?

What is the evolutionary importance of pteridophytes? As the first tracheophytes, pteridophytes were also the first plants to extensively colonize the terrestrial environment f

Amoeboid Tapetum - Tapetum It is also known as invasive or periplus modial tapetum. This type of tapetum is more prevalent in the monocotyledons (Arum) than in the dicotyledon

Explain National Nutritional Anaemia Prophylaxis Programme? National Nutritional Anaemia Prophylaxis Programme addresses iron and folate deficiency anaemia (IDA). Preschoolers

Define Carbohydrate metabolism - Ageing? Glucose tolerance may be impaired to some extent. Usually, the fasting blood sugar is normal. The absorption of carbohydrate is not im