SPERMEIOGENESIS / SPERMETOLEOSIS
It is the gradual differentiation of a stationary rounded and undifferentiated spermatid into an active and motile sperm.
The spermatids formed as a result of maturation divisions are typical undifferentiated animal cells containing mitochondira, golgi body and centriole but with a haploid set of chromosomes.
In spermeiogenesis following changes take place -
(i) Formation of acrosome
Formation of Acrosome
(ii) Formation of Perforatorium
A rounded small pit present below the nucleus, in this part G actin and Ca++ ions are present. This spaces is called perforatorium space.
(iii) Nuclear changes
(v) Formation of mitochondrial spiral and middle piece
(vi) Changes in the cytoplasm
(vii) Sperm sheath
Sperm sheath is form of mucopolysaccharide. It is also called glycocalyx. This sheath probably function as antigen.