Solutions to this Conflict
In common, to make sure that managers act to the best interest of shareholders, the firm will:
(a) Acquire Agency Costs in the form of:
(b) The Shareholder might offer the management profit-based remuneration. This remuneration comprises:
(c) Threat of firing:
Shareholders have the power to assign and dismiss managers that is exercised at every Annual General Meeting (AGM). The threat of firing hence motivates managers to make good judgments.(d) Threat of Acquisition or Takeover:
When managers do not make good decisions then the value of the company would reduce making it easier to be obtained especially when the predator (acquiring) company beliefs that the firm can be twisted round.