Skeletal system - hind arm or leg bones, Biology

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HIND ARM OR LEG BONES -

Each leg contain 30 bones as : femur in thigh, patella in knee, tibia & fibula in the lower leg, 7 tarsals in ankle, 5 metatorsles in the sole, 14 phalanges in toes.

FEMUR -

Head of femur is fitted in acetabulum of pelvic girdle.

Condyles of femur fit with facets of fibula and form knee joint.

Proximal end of femur has two bony projection greater trochanter and lesser trochanter.

Third trochenter absent in man, but present in rabbit.

775_femur.png

PATELLA -

It is knee cap. It is sesamoid bone because it is formed by ossification of tendon.

TIBIA FIBULA -

Tibia is stout while fibula is thin and small.

Both bones are clear at proximal end while fused at distal end.

Fibula located on outerside of leg.

Cnemial crest present in rabbit.

72_tibia fibula.png

FOOT -

Ankle, sole & toes are clear. In ankle tarsals are present.

In sole metatarsals are present. In toes phalanges are present.

In man phalangeal formula is 2 3 3 3 3 = 14.  In rabbit phalangeal formula is 3 3 3 3 = 12.

1340_foot.png


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