Sigmoid growth curve, Biology

GROWTH CURVES -

S-shaped or sigmoid -

Described by Verhuhst in 1839.

It shows 5 phases -

(i) Lag phase

(ii) Positive acceleration phase

(iii) Exponential phase

(iv) Negetive accesleration phase

(v) Stationary

1480_sigmoid growth curve.png

1.       Lag phase -

  • Early stage of curve.
  • When new individuals come in new environment so minimum growth occur in these phase.
  • It is due to absence of new resources.
  • It is due to lack of adaptations.

2.       Positive acceleration phase -

  • Growth rate is increased.
  • Birth rate increases.
  • Death rate is minimum.

3.       Exponential phase -

  • Individuals become adaptated.
  • Rapid growth occur.
  • Birth rate very high.
  • Death rate very low.

4.       Negetive accesleration phase -

  • Growth rate decreases.
  • Available sources become limited.

5.       Stationary -

  • Resources are limited.
  • Birth rate is equal to death rate.
  • So growth rate is zero.
  • In the growth curve of bacteria after stationary phase growth decreases due to unavailability of resources.

2258_sigmoid growth curve1.png

If semi log curve is drawn for bacteria curve is in the form of straight line.

897_sigmoid growth curve2.png

Posted Date: 10/4/2012 7:20:35 AM | Location : United States







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