Side efleects of antipsychotic drugs, Biology

Side Efleects of Antipsychotic Drugs:

The most common side effects are symptoms of central nervous system i.e. Extrapyramidal  Symptoms (EPS)  including such as: 

Parkinsonism, which occurs in 40 percent of  presenting EPS. Patient present difficulty in mastication movement, weakness and muscle fatigue. 

Akathisia,  occur in 50 percent of all patient presenting EPS. Patient has strong urge to move about and has difficulty in sitting still. It occurs within two weeks of  treatment. Dystonia occurs less than EPS. Patient develops contraction of muscles of the tongue, eye. jaw,  and neck (producing  torticollis) and extraoccular muscles. 

Tardive Dyskinesia, is  less  frequent side effect of  EPS.  It occurs in 3  per  cent of patient due to sudden withdrawal of drugs after giving for long time. The other side effect ill EPS is Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS),  This is very rare but can be futal. The treatment for extra pyramidal symptoms are use of antiparkinsonian drugs. Antiparlunsonian drugs includc the anticholinergic and antihistamine drugs. Anticholinergic drugs block  the secretion so they reduce the symptoms of akathisia and acute dystonia, whereas antihistamines have effect  like anticholinergic drugs but ir  is also effective to prevent tardive dpskinesia.  

Posted Date: 10/27/2012 2:17:21 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Side efleects of antipsychotic drugs, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Side efleects of antipsychotic drugs, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Side efleects of antipsychotic drugs Discussions

Write discussion on Side efleects of antipsychotic drugs
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Q. Differentiate between sterilization and disinfection? Sterilization is defined as freeing the object or substance from all life of any kind. It is the process by which an ar

GENERA L MECHANISM OF BLOOD COAGULATION - All researchers agree that blood clotting is a cascade mechanism and involves three essential steps - (a) Formation of prothrombin ac

What is the central dogma of molecular biology? Succinctly (and clearly) describe the concept.

Historically how has the origin of life on earth been explained? The mainly recurrent explanation for the phenomenon of life on earth is the mythological. The People from vario

Describe about the extra-ocular muscles The extra-ocular muscles are mainly involved in the maintenance of postural tonicity and performance of quick contractions. The prima

Q. From the intestinal lumen through to the tissues - what is the route of nutrients after digestion? Monosaccharides, mineral salts, amino acids and water are absorbed by the


MENDEL'S EXPERIMENTAL PLANT Mendel selected common garden pea ( Pisum sativum ) for his experiments, because:- (i)         The pea is small and annual plant. Duration of lif

Explain the Basic Concept of Adulteration? Food adulteration is the change in original composition and quality of food by adding, removing or substituting some ingredients of f

GOLGI APPARATUS Camillo Golgi in 1898 discovered a reticular structure in the cytoplasm of nerve cells with the help of metal impregnation technique using silver nitrate for whic