In the 1940s, this traditional nursing unit was based on the long rectangle pavilion type ward and self-contained unit. This concept is established by Florence Nightingale that centers around head nurse. This ward consists of patient's beds in two rows at right angles to the longitudinal wall. The bathroom and sanitary fixtures at one end. Nursing station, doctor's room and other facilities at the other end. It ensured light and ventilation for patient rooms but made long distances from the: nurse station to patient rooms at end and provided inadequate privacy, support space and storage.