Sericulture, Biology

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Sericulture: This is related to silk worms. Sericulture is also known as silk farming. Sericulture is rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk. There are many types of commercial species of silkworms. In this type one is Bombyx mori, the most widely used or intensively studied species. Sericulture or silk farming has become one of the most important cottage industries Japan, China, Korea, India, Russia, Brazil, France or Italy. Now, India or China are become the two main producers, which is manufacturing silk together more than 60% of the world production each year.

Sericulture or silk farming is an agro-based industry. Sericulture includes rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk that is the yarn obtained from out of cocoons spun by certain species of insects. The major activities that includes sericulture is comprises of food-plant cultivation to feed the silkworms to spin silk cocoons or reeling the cocoons. For unwinding the silk filament and for value added benefits feed the silk worms for processing or weaving.

 


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