Science and technology during the renaissance, Science

Science and Technology during the Renaissance: This phase in the history of science was one of description and criticism. First came the exploration of ancient knowledge, mainly of the Greeks. The scholars encountered the thoughts of Plato and Aristotle in  the original, as well as those of Democritus and Archimedes. Then came the challenge to old authority. At the same time the arts and techniques flourished and provided the material means for the growth of  science. 


The visual arts, such as painting and sculpture, came to occupy an important place in society. These had a profound influence on the development of science. For instance, painters were required to have a  thorough knowledge of geometry, so that they could represent three dimensional figures  in two dimensions. For this, they also used many mechanical and optical aids. The realistic  life-like paintings required the most detailed observations of nature and thus, laid the foundation of geology and natural history. The anatomy of  human beings was also studied in much detail. The professions of artists, architects and engineers were not separated in  the Renaissance. Artists were also the civil and military engineers. They could cast a statue, build a cathedral, drain a swamp or even besiege a town. The great Renaissance artist Leonardo da Vinci is well known  to all of us for his beautiful painting 'Mona  Lisa'.  Not many of us may know of his contributions to the study of  human anatomy, study of plants and animals as well as of machines and military devices. His drawings indicate  that  he was also a  keen observer of  the operations of  metal-workers  and technicians who constructed  buildings sand bridge.

Posted Date: 9/27/2012 8:59:35 AM | Location : United States

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