Scheduling - Aggregate Planning
Meaning and DefinitionScheduling may be defined as the assignment of work to the facility with the specification of times ,and the sequence in which the work is to be done. Scheduling is actually time phasing of loading. The facility may be man power machine or both. Scheduling deals with orders and machine s it determines which order will be taken up on which machine in which department at what time and by which operator. Scheduling may also be defined as the fitting of specific jobs into a general time table so mat orders may be manufacturing in accordance with the contractual liability, or in mass production so that each component may arise at and enter into assembly in the orders and at the time required.As per to sprigel and lansburg "Scheduling includes establishing the amount of work to be done and the time while each element of the work will start.
As per to Kimball and kimabll :"The determination of time that is required to carry out every operation and as well the time required to perform the entire series as routed is scheduling ."Objectives of Scheduling1.Scheduling aims to achieve the required rate of output with a minimum of delay and disruption in processing.2.To provide quantities of goods necessary to maintain finished inventories at levels predetermined to meet delivery commitments.3. The aim of loading and scheduling is to have maximum utilization of men machines and materials by maintaining a free flow of materials along the production line.4.To prevent unbalanced allocation of time among production departments or work centres with a view to eliminate idle capacity.5. To keep the production cost minimum.