Saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons, Chemistry

Saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons

The compounds of carbon and hydrogen in which carbon atoms are linked to each other by single covalent bonds(C-C) are known as alkanes. They are very little reactive and are called as saturated hydrocarbons.

Examples for this are Methane, Ethane, Propane etc.

The hydrocarbons in which the carbon atoms linked to each other at least by one double bond (C=C) or one triple bond (C≡C) are called as unsaturated hydrocarbons.

The compounds with one double bond are called as alkenes

Examples are Ethene, propyne, butene and so on

The compounds with one triple bond are called as alkynes

Examples are Ethyne, propyne, butyne and so on.

Classification of Organic compounds

The organic compounds can be classified as open chain and cyclic compounds.

Open chain compounds contain an open chain of carbon atoms which may be either straight chain or branched chain in nature.

They may be saturated or unsatured based upon their nature of bonding in the carbon atoms.

                              H            H H

 

Example          H -C- H,  H-C-C-H

                                    H           H  H

                           (Methane)   (Ethane)

 

                       H H H    H

             H-C-C-C = C-H  (But-1-ene)

                       H H                              

Posted Date: 7/23/2012 4:31:00 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons Discussions

Write discussion on Saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
mass of atom

The energy of electron in hydrogen atom in its grounds state is -13.6 eV. The energy of the level corresponding to the quantum number equal to 5 is: (1) -0.54 eV         (2)

Q. Show the Oxoacids of Sulphur? As you know, oxoacid is an acid in which the ionisable hydrogen atom is bonded, through an oxygen atom to the central nonmetal atom, e.g., E-OH

What are the advantaged and disadvantages of a double beam spectrophotometer

How many types of colloidal system? and which are they?

NITROGEN Nitrogen is the great strength of the triple bond makes N2 thermodynamically and kinetically stable but moderately electronegative element. The atom can form three sing

The charge on the atom containing 17 protons, 18 neutrons and 18 electrons is: (1) +1                    (2) -2      (3) -1                     (4)Zero Ans: -1


Q. Scientific Notation and Dimensional Analysis? Very small and extremely large numbers can be compared more easily when they are converted into a form called scientific notati

Benzylic halide follows sn1 mechanism always...............the order of halides going sn1 rxn is BENZYL>ALLYL>TERTIARY>SECONDARY>PRIMARY>METHYL beacause of stability, benzyl & ally