Role of government in health care provision, Biology

Role of Government in Health Care Provision

The government intervenes in the health sector with a general view of improving the health status of the people. In general governments have two roles viz.
(i) Preventing or correcting failures in the health sector markets
(ii) Ensuring equity.
Government participation to ensure that the health needs of the poor are metis an intervention in the market for health care. It is warranted as the poor are unable to afford costly health care and the private sector is not motivated as much as the government by social concern.

If the poor were to be given choice about what to purchase, the poor are more likely to spend money on improving their health through non-health purchase such as better sanitation, nutrition, and housing. Where income is still lower, the purchase of health care is diverted in favour of other primary goods such as food. This means relatively rich people spend a far higher amount on health (including health related expenditures like going to health clubs and other forms of sports which are both recreational as also health promoting). A significant percentage of their income on health thus goes towards maintenance of health. But some basic health care is a necessity for all. One way by which the government tries to improve equity is through intervention in the form of government subsidy or provision of low cost health care services.

The twin roles of correcting market failures and ensuring equity often overlap. For example, not only is the treatment of tuberculosis more likely to be a service needed by the poor but successful therapy produces a positive externality benefiting the patient as well as others.

Posted Date: 12/15/2012 6:23:56 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Role of government in health care provision, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Role of government in health care provision, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Role of government in health care provision Discussions

Write discussion on Role of government in health care provision
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Alternative polyadenylation sites Exact pre-mRNAs hold more than single group of signal sequences for 3' end polyadenylation and cleavage.   In  some  cases,  the  area  of  t

explain the 4 stages of aerobic respiration

What is Cuticle? The nonliving, and noncellular outer layer of an organism secreted by underlying epidermis. Cuticles are common in a range of animals including nematodes, anne

A large number of integral proteins in eukaryotes do not traverse the membrane but are anchored in one or other leaflet of the bilayer through covalent attachment to a hydrocarbon

what are the characteristics of polychaeta

Define Harvard Step Test - aerobic capacity? In this test, the subject steps on and off an 18-inch platform at a rate of 30 times per minute. The evaluator records the subject'

What are the major plant tissues that form the rings observed on stem sections of some trees? The rings observed on a stem cross section of the dicot trees are made of conducti

What is the evolutionary importance of pteridophytes? As the first tracheophytes, pteridophytes were also the first plants to extensively colonize the terrestrial environment f

Physical Stress - Temperature We are most familiar with the plants and other organisms that live at temperatures close to the temperature range in which we are adapted to live

Q. What is the difference between spermatocyte I and spermatogonium? The male germ cells are the spermatogonia (diploid cells, 2n) situated in the testicles and they mature an