Role of government in health care provision, Biology

Role of Government in Health Care Provision

The government intervenes in the health sector with a general view of improving the health status of the people. In general governments have two roles viz.
(i) Preventing or correcting failures in the health sector markets
(ii) Ensuring equity.
Government participation to ensure that the health needs of the poor are metis an intervention in the market for health care. It is warranted as the poor are unable to afford costly health care and the private sector is not motivated as much as the government by social concern.

If the poor were to be given choice about what to purchase, the poor are more likely to spend money on improving their health through non-health purchase such as better sanitation, nutrition, and housing. Where income is still lower, the purchase of health care is diverted in favour of other primary goods such as food. This means relatively rich people spend a far higher amount on health (including health related expenditures like going to health clubs and other forms of sports which are both recreational as also health promoting). A significant percentage of their income on health thus goes towards maintenance of health. But some basic health care is a necessity for all. One way by which the government tries to improve equity is through intervention in the form of government subsidy or provision of low cost health care services.

The twin roles of correcting market failures and ensuring equity often overlap. For example, not only is the treatment of tuberculosis more likely to be a service needed by the poor but successful therapy produces a positive externality benefiting the patient as well as others.

Posted Date: 12/15/2012 6:23:56 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Role of government in health care provision, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Role of government in health care provision, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Role of government in health care provision Discussions

Write discussion on Role of government in health care provision
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Protein structure is determined solely by a protein amino acid sequence. Should a genetically engineered protein in which the order of all amino acids is reversed therefore have th

Explain the Proteus - Characteristics of Bacteria? It is gram negative, non-sporulating rod, which is characterized by rapid motility (peritrichous flagella) and swarming type

Is monoculture a system that contributes to great biological diversity of an ecosystem? Monoculture means that in a large area a single crop (only single species of plant) is c

Q. Do all molecules of DNA have the same amounts of nitrogenous bases? Number and sequence of nitrogenous bases in DNA molecule are key elements in variations which are found i

Q. What do you mean by Genera? Like species the genus represents a concept. Genera (Plural) are aggregates of closely related species. There is no size requirement for a genus.

Define Active or moderately active Lifestyles - physical activity? These people have occupations that p-e not strenuous in terms of energy demands, but involve more energy expe

Explain the Digestion of carbohydrates? You are aware that 60-70% of energy is supplied by the dietary carbohydrates which are primarily present as polysaccharides (starch) fol

Explain the Digestibility Coefficient? You have earlier learnt that dietary proteins are hydrolyzed to amino acids during digestion. The digestion begins in the stomach by the

What are epithelial tissues? What are their general function and how is that function associated to the features of the tissue? Epithelial tissues, also known as epithelia, are

Purpose of the preparation of isolates from a protein The major purpose of the preparation of concentrates and isolates from a protein source is to increase the concentration o