Review of literature - steps of research process, Biology

Determine the purpose of  the study: There must be  a sound  rationale  or justification for every research project.  If  the pui-pose of  the  study is clearly presented and justified, the researcher will be more  likely  to  receive approval for the study. 

Review of literature: Research should  build on previous knowledge. Before beginning the  study,  it is important to determine what  knowledge exists for the study topic. Once you  havk  identified the problem, you  need to examine what has  been done already  in your subject area and what  is yet  to be  done. The review of literature involves mainly the research literature. 

Develop a theoretical and conceptual framework 

The goal of research is  to develop scientific knowledge. Research  and  theory development are interlinked. Research can test theories as well  as help  to develop and refine theories. Thus theoretical frameworks are valuable part of scientific research. Theoretical and conceptual framework will assist  in  selection of the study variables and in defining  them. The  framework will also direct the hypothesis and interpretation of  the  findings. 

ldentify  the study of assumptions: Assumptions are belief that are held  to be true  but  have not  necessarily been proved. Each scientific investigation is based on  assumptions. These assumptions should be  stated clearly. Acknowledge the limitation of the study. Researcher should  try to  identify study limitations or weaknesses. Limitations are uncontrolled variables that may affect study results and limit the generalizability of the findings.  

In nearly every nursing study, there are variables which are uncontrollable. These are called extraneous variables. For example, the educational level  of  subjects would be study limitation if researcher could not control this variable and it might influence  the study results. The  researcher should openly acknowiedge the limitations of  the study before data collection. Other limitations may occur while the study is  in  progress  (e.g. malfunctions of equipment  and  subject drop out). The limitations must  be  taken  into consideration when  the  coinclusions  of the  study are formulated and when  recommendations  are made  for future research.  


Posted Date: 10/27/2012 4:34:51 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Review of literature - steps of research process, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Review of literature - steps of research process, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Review of literature - steps of research process Discussions

Write discussion on Review of literature - steps of research process
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Induction of hydrolases - Responses to Infection Plants do respond to attack by pathogens. To restrict their spread the cells synthesise and secrete enzymes to hydrolyse the c

Mechanism of Maturation The basic mechanism of maturation of ovum is more or less similar in all organisms. The primordial germ cells that enter into the ovary divide mitotica

Which of the following serves as an effector, or as part of an effector, that functions in a negative feedback system? A. Glycogen Receptors in the plasma membranes of liver ce

Define the Starch gel electrophoresis? Starch gel has the advantage of fine texture and absence of protein adsorption with a molecular sieving effect retarding proteins of larg

Normal 0 false false false EN-IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4

Q. What is the difference between lungs and gills? Lungs and Gills are richly vascularized organs that serve for gas exchange between the environment and the circulatory system

Plants of the open water zone In this zone plants are restricted to the limnetic one and generally consist of phytoplankton such as dinoflagellates, blue green algae and green

Suppose you were planning to use liposomes in an attempt to deliver drugs to a particular type of cell in the body, for example, a fat or muscle cell. Is there any way you might be

How are the excretory systems of the three main arthropod classes constituted? In crustaceans a pair of excretory organs known as green glands exists. The green glands collect