Respiratory insufficiency and respiratory failure, Biology

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Respiratory Insufficiency

Respiratory insufficiency usually indicate inadequate exchange of oxygen and carbondioxide to meet the needs of the body during normal activities.

Respiratory Failure: When ventilation is insufficient to achieve gas exchange even at rest.

Disorders which can lead to or associated with respiratory insufficiency and failure:

Pulmonary Disorders 

  1. Infection 
  2. Pulmonary oedema 
  3. Embolus 
  4. COPD 
  5. ARDS 
  6. Cancer 
  7. Chest Trauma 
  8. Severe atelectasis 

Non-Pulmonary Disorders

  1. CNS disturbance due to drug overdose, anaesthesia, head injury. 
  2. Neuromuscular disorders-Guillain-Barre's Syndrome, Myasthenia gravis, Multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, poliomyelitis,muscular dystrophy.

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