Resource allocation , Biology

Resource Allocation

Decisions of resource allocation carry important implications for equity and efficiency.It is clear that in attempting to reach the millennium development goals (MDG) for health, the government health expenditures will increase, while the budgetary constraints in raising the required resources would continue to remain particularly for the low-income countries. The targets of MDG could be achieved through a pattern that benefits primarily the better-off, while largely bypassing the poor. This is mainly due to the incentive that exists to use increased available resources in tertiary hospitals, where the utilisation trends tend to favour the rich. There is also evidence from studies focussing on the incidence of benefit in public spending on health that the richest 20 per cent of the population accessed primary care, as well as higher-level care facilities, more than the poorest. This therefore implies that shifting resources to primary services alone will not necessarily increase their use by the poor.

Further, as the issues of public accountability and efficiency are low in publicly funded hospitals, it is important to consider alternative ways of providing the healthcare services. An important question that arises in this context is whether it is necessary that the services are produced by the state (i.e. through state funded/run hospitals and dispensaries) or whether the task of providing the health services should be de-linked from that of its financing. The latter brings to consideration the issue of purchasing the services from other non-governmental providers. In this context, purchasing which is also referred to as financing of the supply side, refers to the numerous arrangements used to pay the different medical care providers. It involves the consideration of alternatives like decentralisation, contracting, developing efficiency-based provider payment incentives and systems, etc.

Resource allocation and purchasing together therefore relates to the issues of: what to buy, how and from whom to buy, for whom to buy, how to pay, and at what price? These questions together focus on aspects of allocating the limited resources so as to maximise the health outcomes. The procedures of ‘resource allocation and purchasing’ have important implications for cost, access, quality, and consumer satisfaction. Efficiency gains (both technical and allocative) from purchasing arrangements provide better value for money thereby becoming a means of obtaining additional ‘financing’ for the health system.

 

Posted Date: 12/17/2012 1:46:03 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Resource allocation , Assignment Help, Ask Question on Resource allocation , Get Answer, Expert's Help, Resource allocation Discussions

Write discussion on Resource allocation
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Explain the Autonomic neuropathy It leads to dry skin due to decreased sweating. Dryness of the skin leads to cracking which makes entry of infection in to the deeper plane eas

What is the difference among cryptogamic and phanerogamic plants? Cryptogamic (hidden sex organs) plants are those that do not show flowers or seeds. They comprise the bryophy

Chloroplasts is the disk-like organelles with the double membrane found in eukaryotic plant cells; contain thylakoids and are the site of the photosynthesis. ATP is produced durin

how many species of protozoan?

State in brief about the term - Calcium and Magnesium  Exchangeable forms of these ions are considered to be available nutrients. The concentration from extractant is found by

why is it necessary to grind the food samples before testing?

Wetlands - Lentic Ecosystems Wetlands are permanently or periodically water covered areas. They can be defined as submerged or saturated lands either artificially or naturall

Q. Flavour of food product? Flavour factors include both sensations perceived by the tongue, which include sweet, salty, sour and bitter tastes and aromas perceived by the tong

How do the repairing enzymes of the genetic system act? There are enzymes within the cells that detect errors or alterations in DNA molecules and start a repair of those errors

Class of Subphylum Uniramia - Pauropoda A small group of uniramians, there are 500 species of Pauropoda explained so far. The minute organisms computing about 1.5 mm in length