Resource allocation , Biology

Resource Allocation

Decisions of resource allocation carry important implications for equity and efficiency.It is clear that in attempting to reach the millennium development goals (MDG) for health, the government health expenditures will increase, while the budgetary constraints in raising the required resources would continue to remain particularly for the low-income countries. The targets of MDG could be achieved through a pattern that benefits primarily the better-off, while largely bypassing the poor. This is mainly due to the incentive that exists to use increased available resources in tertiary hospitals, where the utilisation trends tend to favour the rich. There is also evidence from studies focussing on the incidence of benefit in public spending on health that the richest 20 per cent of the population accessed primary care, as well as higher-level care facilities, more than the poorest. This therefore implies that shifting resources to primary services alone will not necessarily increase their use by the poor.

Further, as the issues of public accountability and efficiency are low in publicly funded hospitals, it is important to consider alternative ways of providing the healthcare services. An important question that arises in this context is whether it is necessary that the services are produced by the state (i.e. through state funded/run hospitals and dispensaries) or whether the task of providing the health services should be de-linked from that of its financing. The latter brings to consideration the issue of purchasing the services from other non-governmental providers. In this context, purchasing which is also referred to as financing of the supply side, refers to the numerous arrangements used to pay the different medical care providers. It involves the consideration of alternatives like decentralisation, contracting, developing efficiency-based provider payment incentives and systems, etc.

Resource allocation and purchasing together therefore relates to the issues of: what to buy, how and from whom to buy, for whom to buy, how to pay, and at what price? These questions together focus on aspects of allocating the limited resources so as to maximise the health outcomes. The procedures of ‘resource allocation and purchasing’ have important implications for cost, access, quality, and consumer satisfaction. Efficiency gains (both technical and allocative) from purchasing arrangements provide better value for money thereby becoming a means of obtaining additional ‘financing’ for the health system.

 

Posted Date: 12/17/2012 1:46:03 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Resource allocation , Assignment Help, Ask Question on Resource allocation , Get Answer, Expert's Help, Resource allocation Discussions

Write discussion on Resource allocation
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Explain Theory of Evolution through Natural Selection The third theory of evolution through natural selection was put forward jointly by Darwin, and Wallace in 1859. This theor

Determine the Food Sources of Vitamin A? Vitamin A or retinol performed vitamin A), as you may already know, is found only in foods of animal origin, such as milk, cheese, crea

Theory of Germplasm (i)         'August Weismann' (1889) suggested the theory of continuity of germplasm. (ii)         He referred to the reproductive cells as germplasm and

Mention the role o ribosome's in peptide -bond formation .How does ATP facilitate it? a) Of springs derived by asexual reproduction are known as clones. Justify giving two R

Q What are the fruiting bodies present in a few fungi? Fruiting bodies are structures made of hyphae that project radially from the superior portion of the peduncle of a few fu


Why is pattern baldness more common in men than in women? Pattern baldness is handled by the allele B. Testosterone interacts with the heterozygous genotype (BB′) to make baldn

Explain the Indications for neuropsychological screening Nature of referral question warrants it. Situational explanation for changes in emotions or cognitive functioni

Lactase non-persistence is an example of a genetic trait that has been influenced by cultural factors.Domestication of animals by humans began approximately 10  000 years ago. Farm

What are the plant organs responsible for the perception of light variation? What is the pigment responsible for this perception? Leaves are mostly responsible for perception o