Renaissance (1440-1540), Science

Renaissance (1440-1540):

The Renaissance was a revolutionary movement. It marked a definite and deliberate break with the past.  It swept away the medieval forms of economy, of building, of art and thought. These were replaced by a new culture, capitalist in its economy, classical in  its art and literature, and scientific in its approach to Nature. The feudal system dominated by the lords and the Church had given way to nation-states, where the kings or  princes provided patronageto the new scientists. So they didn't have to depend  any more on the Church. With the economy picking up again,  the despair of  the Dark Ages and the resignation of the ages of faith gave way to a period of hope marked by a frank admission of physical enjoyment. In the changing social milieu, money became much more impofint than  it had ever been before. Even the attitude towards making money changed. Any way of making money was good as long as it worked, whether by honest manufacture of trade, by inventing a new device, by opening a mine, by raiding foreigners or by lending money at interest. 

In these changed social conditions, the technicians and artists were no longer so despised as they had been  in classical or medieval times because they were essential  to the making as well as spending of money. The practical arts of weaving, pottery, spinning, glass making, mining, metal-working etc. became respectable. Initially, this enhanced  the status of craftsmen. But later, by the seventeenth century the merchant and the capitalist madufacturers started controlling the production more and more. As a result, both craftsmen and peasants were reduced to the status of wage labourers. 

In its intellectual aspect, the Renaissance was the work of a small and conscious minority of scholars and artists who set themselves in opposition to the whole pattern of medieval life and thought. The Renaissance also reestablished the link between  the traditions of the craftsmen and those of the scholars. With this coming together of the doers and the thinkers  in  the changed economic situation, the stage was set for a rapid growth  in science. Let us see what changes occurred  in sciehce and technology during this period.  

 

Posted Date: 9/27/2012 8:58:14 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Renaissance (1440-1540), Assignment Help, Ask Question on Renaissance (1440-1540), Get Answer, Expert's Help, Renaissance (1440-1540) Discussions

Write discussion on Renaissance (1440-1540)
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Why did the continents spread apart? This is because of the heat generated from the earth's interior and earthquakes - the convection currents deep within the earth due to the m

general characters of cylintreta

Enzymes of intestinal  juice Aminopepetidase is an  exopeptidase and cleaves peptide bonds next  to N-terminal amino acids of polypeptides and oligopeptides (unlike carboxypept

describe the factors which decide the broad area of scientific activity

Optics: The prevalence of  eye diseases  in the desert and tropical countries led to the study of  the eye by Arab doctors. Surgical treatment of the eye led to renewed interest

Explain the Nuclei or Ganglia Deep within the cerebral hemispheres are groups of nerve cells called nuclei or ganglia which act as relay stations, where impulses are passed fro

Food Chain: As you know from the discussion of the previous subsection, one of  the ways in which the organisms are  related is through food, that is, one organism becomes food

Explain Isoelectric  pH Isoelectric  pH:   Many  ionizable groups are  present  in  a  protein molecule. Depending on the pH of the medium, some of these groups act as proton

QUESTION a) Is Psychology a science? Explain with an appropriate definition b) How does the knowledge of psychology help you deal with people in your everyday life? c) Desc

Is zero an positive integer ?