Relative frequency definition, Mathematics

Relative Frequency 

This type of probability requires us to make some qualifications. We define probability of event A, occurring as the proportion of times A occurs, if we repeat the experiment several times under the same or similar conditions.

 

Example 

Consider the following distribution of salaries in a finance company for February, 2002.

Salaries (Rs.)

Frequency

Relative Frequency (%)


  2,000 -   5,000

 2

4%

  5,000 -   8,000

11

22%

  8,000 - 11,000

18

36%

11,000 - 14,000

10

20%

14,000 - 17,000

 7

14%

17,000 - 20,000

 2

4%

 

50

100%

For a subsequent month the salaries are likely to have the same distributions unless employees leave or have their salaries raised, or new people join. Hence we have the following probabilities obtained from the above relative frequencies.

Salaries (Rs.)

Probability

  2,000 -   5,000

4%

  5,000 -   8,000

22%

  8,000 - 11,000

36%

11,000 - 14,000

20%

14,000 - 17,000

14%

17,000 - 20,000

4%

 

100%

These probabilities give the chance that an employee chosen at random will be in a particular salary class. For example, the probability of an employee's salary being Rs.5,000 - Rs.8,000 is 22%.

Posted Date: 9/14/2012 4:15:19 AM | Location : United States







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