Psychopharmacology, Biology

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PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY:

Psychotropic drugs are drugs used for mentally ill patients for psychotic and neurotic condition. 

1)  Antipsychotic or Neuroleptic Drugs and Anti-parkinsonian Drugs 

Definition:

Aatipsychotic or Neuroleptic drugs are the major group of drugs used for mentally ill patients with psychotic disorder (psychosis). Psychosis is serious illness of personality which involves impairment of ego functions. Reality function is markedly impaired. There are great signs of  grave maladjustment of  life. These Antipsychotic drugs are also known as major tranquilizers or phenothiazine group of  drugs. 

Indication:

Antipsychotic agents are commonly used in  schizophrenic disorders, mania, acute brain syndrome, paranoid disorder and organic dementia. Antipsychotics are contraindicated  in  children under three years of  age, comatose patients, patients with drug hypersensitivity. Antipsychotic are used cautiously in patients with history of  epilepsy, pregnancy, peptic  ulcer, parkinson's disease, etc. 


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