Profi t Planning, Managerial Accounting

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SK 2 Chapter 10: Master budgeting
Objective
How organisations strive to achieve their financial goals by preparing
a number of budgets that together form an integrated business plan
known as the master budget. This question tests the ability to
prepare the cash budget to anticipate identification of shortages or
surpluses of cash at specific times in the budget period for decision
making.
Marks allocated 25 marks
Jaya Sdn. Bhd. is a wholesaler. The management of Jaya Sdn. Bhd. has been extremely worried
about the company’s cash position over the last few years. In July 2015, they seek your advice
and ask you to prepare a cash budget.
The estimated sales for the six months to December 2015 are as follows:
July August September October November December
Credit Sales ($) 122,000 137,000 142,000 148,000 134,000 126,000
Cash Sales ($) 12,900 14,500 17,700 20,100 15,000 12,600
Cash is received immediately on cash sales. The company allows customers one month’s credit
on sales other than for cash.
Purchase of goods for resale is made on credit. The company receives two months’ credit on
these purchases. The purchases for the six months to December 2015 are as follows:
July August September October November December
Purchases ($) 62,000 58,000 71,000 80,000 54,000 48,000
An inventory check at the end of the last year has revealed $45,000 of inventory, valued at cost,
is considered obsolete. The company is currently negotiating the sale of this inventory for
$9,500 and anticipates payment in November 2015.
Jaya Sdn. Bhd’s manufacturing overheads are estimated to be $12,000 per month. This
includes a charge for depreciation of $2,000 per month. The company takes one month to pay
these expenses.
Selling and distribution expenses are estimated to be $50,400 per year and are incurred evenly
over the year. One month’s credit is taken.
The company is currently negotiating an advertising programme with an agency. The cost will
be $6,300 in November and $7,700 in December. Payment will be made in cash.
In December the company anticipates paying $3,880 tax to Lembaga Hasil Dalam Negeri.
The company has agreed to purchase new stock handling equipment. The cost of $105,200 is
payable in two equal instalments in October and November 2015.
The company expects in December to be able to take advantage of adjacent property (cost of
$150,000) to expand their operation.
It is estimated that the cash balance at 1 October will be $16,000.
Required:
a) Prepare a cash budget for the months of October, November and December 2015.
(18 marks )
b) Write a report on the cash position over this period, and in particular on ways in which you
think it could be improved.

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