Production of industrial compounds, Biology

Production of Industrial Compounds

Cultured plant cells retain their metabolic potential and synthesise secondary products of commerce. Cell cultures can also be used as factories for bioconversion of intermediate compounds into more valuable products. Shikonin, an expensive compound, obtained from the roots of Lithospermum erythrorhizon, has been used by the Japanese traditionally as a vegetable dye and in cosmetics and toiletries. However, due to over exploitation this plant has become almost extinct in Japan.

To reduce dependence on import of this plant material, the Japanese scientists have developed a tissue culture method for the commercial production of Shikonin. Another example in which tissue culture production of an industrial compound has reached commercial level is Berberine from Coptis Japonica. In tissue cultures the yield of high value compounds can be enhanced by feeding the cells with precursors of their biosynthetic pathway (Biotransformation), manipulation of the culture conditions and selecting high yielding cell lines. The production of secondary plant products of commerce would considerably reduce the pressure on shrinking arable land. Besides its practical application, tissue culture systems have been found ideal to study basic aspects such as alternation of generation, morphogenesis, growth and differentiation and host-pathogen interaction. In fact, one important fundamental contribution of plant tissue culture is the discovery of cytokinins.

Posted Date: 1/24/2013 5:34:48 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Production of industrial compounds, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Production of industrial compounds, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Production of industrial compounds Discussions

Write discussion on Production of industrial compounds
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Determine the Modification of native starch Modification of native starch can be either physical or chemical. Chemical modification includes reaction of starch with  acid or al

Q. Why does thermal inversion increases air pollution? What harm can thermal inversion cause to humans? The Thermal inversion confines at low altitude a layer of pollutants tha

Q. Show the Artificial Keys? These are based on the resemblances and differences of some prominent characters in the taxa. These are based on the phylogenetic relationship b

Cation Saturation and Nutrient Absorption by Plants The availability of adsorbed cations is not always so easy as the above explanation might suggest. This is because, several

What is an example of negative feeback of the homeostatic regulation? Negative feedback happens when the response to a given action makes an effect that inhibits that action. F

What  is digestion? The  ingested food material  is  broken down  into smaller constituents which  are assimilable  by  the  blood.  The  process  through which  the major nutr

Insulin Devices - Insulin Pen Insulin pen is an insulin injection system. A pen consists of disposable needle, a vial of insulin and a pen. There are two pen systems replac

Define Classification of Carbohydrates? Carbohydrates are defined as polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones or substances that produce such compounds when hydrolyzed. Carbohydrates a

Hi, I have this presentation about the kingdom of fungi, and no website could clearly explain the two processes of fragmentation and sporulation. I mean what are their steps? And w

What is the mode of nutrition in fish,human,amoeba,scorpian & toad ?