Production, Operation Management

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Production

Production is any process or  procedure developed to transform a set  of input elements  such as men,  materials capital, information and energy into a specified set  of  output elements like finished products and services in proper quantity and quality thus achieving the objectives of an enterprise. The spirit of production is the formation of goods, may be by the transformation of raw material or by assembling so many small parts (as in television or scooter manufacturing). Production in everyday life can be noticed in factories hospitals offices etc, there are four recognized factors of production:

  • Nature (land and another natural resources),
  • Labour (human efforts),
  • Capital (factory building machinery tools raw materials etc), and
  • Enterprise (activity which organizes another factors of production into operating units) 

 

According to E .S. Buffa, production is a procedure by which goods and services are created. In common  production  is the  use of  any process or procedure designed to transform a set of input  elements  into  a set  of output  element, which have use value and economic value.


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