Process technology life cycle , Operation Management

Process Technology Life Cycle

Process technologies have life cycles related to product life cycles as shown in figure below. Over time unit manufacturing costs diminish for mature products. Form product start up to decline, manufacturing processes change in organization throughput volume, rates of process innovation,  and automation. To illustrate the process technology is typically job shop at start up and moves toward a continuous flow technology if the product survives to become a commodity. Throughput volumes and automation are low at start up and high during maturation and decline. These changes require appropriately matching up the manufacturing product and process structures.

698_Process Technology Life Cycle.png

Typical combinations of product process structures are shown in figure below. Representative industries are listed on the diagonal of the matrix, and the voided corners indicate product process combinations that are incompatible and infeasible. Most companies divisions or plants can be located.

2421_Process Technology Life Cycle 1.png

                                  Figure: Matching Major Stages of Product and Process Life Cycle -The Product Process matrix.

On the matrix, depending upon the current life cycle stage of their  dominant product line. As the product shifts to a different stage, the manufacturing process structure also shifts, and new manufacturing priorities emerge. Whereas manufacturing flexibility and quality are competitive priorities in earlier stages, priorities shifts toward dependable delivery and competitive cost in later stages.

This product process matrix helps us understand why and how companies change their production operations. As products, market requirements and competition change so must equipment procedures, and human resources. If process changes are not made to accommodate product life cycles product and process are incompatible: the result is competitive disadvantage.

Posted Date: 1/11/2013 6:38:56 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Process technology life cycle , Assignment Help, Ask Question on Process technology life cycle , Get Answer, Expert's Help, Process technology life cycle Discussions

Write discussion on Process technology life cycle
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Describe the four-step framework for one-to-one marketing that can be adapted to CRM marketing?

1) C-Spec, Inc., is attempting to determine whether an existing machine is capable of milling an engine part that has a key specification of 4+6 .003 inches. After a trial run o

Select an article relating to workplace safety and answer the following questions: 1. briefly summarize the article 2. What alternatives could the place of business have taken in o

Imagine the worst possible reports from a system. What is wrong with them? List as many problems as you can. What are the consequences of such reports? What could go wrong as a res

Where in Europe, Africa, and Asia does Nestlé have operations? How many factories do they have in Spain and Thailand? Why does Nestlé have multiple facilities in a single country?

Q. 4. A two year sales history by quarter for a seasonal product is given below. Sales Quarter First Year Second Year 1 30 42 2 48 58 3 60 74 4 35 44 a) Using

You are the CEO of a chemical company that produces sulphuric acid, an acid that is used as an input in a wide variety of industrial products. The company has a good reputation in

"Effective Applications" Please respond to the following: •Discuss the types of organizational culture changes (especially within the medical staff) that will have to take place in

Productivity Boundary and Operating Efficiencies In an alternative approach, Porter (1996) attempts to resolve the issue of trade-offs by introducing the concept of a producti

To effectively manage supply risks, the supply manager must: inform the corporate risk officer of a potential risk, await instructions, and implement the directive. Seek input from