Process technology life cycle , Operation Management

Process Technology Life Cycle

Process technologies have life cycles related to product life cycles as shown in figure below. Over time unit manufacturing costs diminish for mature products. Form product start up to decline, manufacturing processes change in organization throughput volume, rates of process innovation,  and automation. To illustrate the process technology is typically job shop at start up and moves toward a continuous flow technology if the product survives to become a commodity. Throughput volumes and automation are low at start up and high during maturation and decline. These changes require appropriately matching up the manufacturing product and process structures.

698_Process Technology Life Cycle.png

Typical combinations of product process structures are shown in figure below. Representative industries are listed on the diagonal of the matrix, and the voided corners indicate product process combinations that are incompatible and infeasible. Most companies divisions or plants can be located.

2421_Process Technology Life Cycle 1.png

                                  Figure: Matching Major Stages of Product and Process Life Cycle -The Product Process matrix.

On the matrix, depending upon the current life cycle stage of their  dominant product line. As the product shifts to a different stage, the manufacturing process structure also shifts, and new manufacturing priorities emerge. Whereas manufacturing flexibility and quality are competitive priorities in earlier stages, priorities shifts toward dependable delivery and competitive cost in later stages.

This product process matrix helps us understand why and how companies change their production operations. As products, market requirements and competition change so must equipment procedures, and human resources. If process changes are not made to accommodate product life cycles product and process are incompatible: the result is competitive disadvantage.

Posted Date: 1/11/2013 6:38:56 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Process technology life cycle , Assignment Help, Ask Question on Process technology life cycle , Get Answer, Expert's Help, Process technology life cycle Discussions

Write discussion on Process technology life cycle
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
The copy center in the College of Business at State University has become an increasingly contentious item among the college administration. Department heads have complained to

A plant layout should be designed in such a manner that it will provide safety and security of employees at all costs. Optimum plant layout calls for high operating e

• Determine the biggest organizational managerial mistake you have seen or read about and determine how this mistake affected the organization. • Discuss ways to ease the transi

Aspects of Operation Strategy There are three levels of strategy hierarchy illustrated in the following table: Van der Heijden (1997) suggests that there are three sc

C.W. Churchman once said that "mathematics tends to lull the unsuspecting into believing that he who thinks elaborately thinks well." Do you think that the best QA models are the o

1. When a company plans a new product development project, which department should impact the decisions? (Points : 5) Sales and Marketing Engineering Manufacturing Fina

racing cars prefers nickel based alloys for engine components

Why is following up important with participants who did not show up for their scheduled participation in your research?

How common do you think it is for people to try to justify their conduct by the argument that "Everybody's doing it"? Give examples from your own experience.

1.  Maggie Company produces a light fixture with the following unit costs:   Direct Materials: $2 Direct Labour: $2 Variable Cost: $3 Fixed Cost: $2 UNIT TOTAL COST: $9   The