Process technology life cycle , Operation Management

Process Technology Life Cycle

Process technologies have life cycles related to product life cycles as shown in figure below. Over time unit manufacturing costs diminish for mature products. Form product start up to decline, manufacturing processes change in organization throughput volume, rates of process innovation,  and automation. To illustrate the process technology is typically job shop at start up and moves toward a continuous flow technology if the product survives to become a commodity. Throughput volumes and automation are low at start up and high during maturation and decline. These changes require appropriately matching up the manufacturing product and process structures.

698_Process Technology Life Cycle.png

Typical combinations of product process structures are shown in figure below. Representative industries are listed on the diagonal of the matrix, and the voided corners indicate product process combinations that are incompatible and infeasible. Most companies divisions or plants can be located.

2421_Process Technology Life Cycle 1.png

                                  Figure: Matching Major Stages of Product and Process Life Cycle -The Product Process matrix.

On the matrix, depending upon the current life cycle stage of their  dominant product line. As the product shifts to a different stage, the manufacturing process structure also shifts, and new manufacturing priorities emerge. Whereas manufacturing flexibility and quality are competitive priorities in earlier stages, priorities shifts toward dependable delivery and competitive cost in later stages.

This product process matrix helps us understand why and how companies change their production operations. As products, market requirements and competition change so must equipment procedures, and human resources. If process changes are not made to accommodate product life cycles product and process are incompatible: the result is competitive disadvantage.

Posted Date: 1/11/2013 6:38:56 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Process technology life cycle , Assignment Help, Ask Question on Process technology life cycle , Get Answer, Expert's Help, Process technology life cycle Discussions

Write discussion on Process technology life cycle
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
There are a variety of theories of motivation, many of which are complementary. Of the main motivational theories described in the text, which theory or theories do you think would

1. Describe, in general terms, the quality of staff needed to manage an ERP system?  2. According to Cisco Systems, on what simple truth is their entire Internet commerce initia

You are the civil engineering foreman in charge of a 24-person group whose charter is to erect 3,000 tents for refugees who lost their homes in an earthquake. You have 10 days to a

Tools and Techniques of Layout Planning Various techniques are available for planning the layout. The most commonly used techniques is the use of two dimensional templates. O

The average age of the US workforce is increasing and will continue for several years.

Discuss setting up valid research designs in a company, work environment

By 2015, projections indicate that the largest category of households will be composed of a. childless married couples and empty nesters b. singles living with non

The parts department of a large automobile dealership has a counter used exclusively for mechanics' requests for parts. The time between requests can be modelled by a negative expo

Southern Fresh has decided to make a policy that every product will receive enough shelf space to ensure that 98.75 percent of customers will find that their first choice is availa

link between work study and value analysis?