Process technology life cycle , Operation Management

Process Technology Life Cycle

Process technologies have life cycles related to product life cycles as shown in figure below. Over time unit manufacturing costs diminish for mature products. Form product start up to decline, manufacturing processes change in organization throughput volume, rates of process innovation,  and automation. To illustrate the process technology is typically job shop at start up and moves toward a continuous flow technology if the product survives to become a commodity. Throughput volumes and automation are low at start up and high during maturation and decline. These changes require appropriately matching up the manufacturing product and process structures.

698_Process Technology Life Cycle.png

Typical combinations of product process structures are shown in figure below. Representative industries are listed on the diagonal of the matrix, and the voided corners indicate product process combinations that are incompatible and infeasible. Most companies divisions or plants can be located.

2421_Process Technology Life Cycle 1.png

                                  Figure: Matching Major Stages of Product and Process Life Cycle -The Product Process matrix.

On the matrix, depending upon the current life cycle stage of their  dominant product line. As the product shifts to a different stage, the manufacturing process structure also shifts, and new manufacturing priorities emerge. Whereas manufacturing flexibility and quality are competitive priorities in earlier stages, priorities shifts toward dependable delivery and competitive cost in later stages.

This product process matrix helps us understand why and how companies change their production operations. As products, market requirements and competition change so must equipment procedures, and human resources. If process changes are not made to accommodate product life cycles product and process are incompatible: the result is competitive disadvantage.

Posted Date: 1/11/2013 6:38:56 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Process technology life cycle , Assignment Help, Ask Question on Process technology life cycle , Get Answer, Expert's Help, Process technology life cycle Discussions

Write discussion on Process technology life cycle
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Principle of Motion Economy: The improvement of any method is generally  accomplished using the ideas chosen from the alternatives  throw up during the critical examination ph

From an analysis of the case, discuss some key factors that led to the Williams Company's decline and ultimate exit from the private sector. • To what extent did project managem

You wk for a consumer advocate agency and want to find the mean repair cost of a washing machine. As part of your study, you randomly select 45 repair costs and find the mean to be

C and S Metal company produces stainless steel pots and pans. C and S can pursue either of two distribution plans for the coming year. The firm can either produce pots and pans for

A firm that operates 300 days in a year and uses a level material usage approach has collected the following data: Annual Demand = 30,000; Daily Demand = 100; Daily production= 300

The DAGR GPS receiver will have a 25% increase inreliability over the PLGR GPS receiver. Using the PLGR as an analogy, an analyst estimated that the DAGR would cost 25% more than t

What are some practical limits to economies of scale?

Aspects of Operation Strategy There are three levels of strategy hierarchy illustrated in the following table: Van der Heijden (1997) suggests that there are three sc

Net profit margin: 1. Transportation firm now spends 60 percent of the sales revenue it receives in the supply chain, and has a net profit margin of 6 percent. The compan

How an HR professional might designated that information/data as a critical result area? That's question. Reference where info came from.