Process configurations - products, Operation Management

Assignment Help:

Process configurations - products

The categorisation of production systems according to volume of output was discussed: project, job shop, batch and continuous. The Hayes and Wheelwright product - process matrix (1984) was then presented, showing the 'natural' positions of each of the configurations with regard to volume, variety and flexibility. When undertaking process design it is desirable to have some indication, perhaps by forecasts, of the likely level of demand for the product and the corresponding volume of process output to be generated.

With the knowledge of the approximate position along the job shop/batch/continuous spectrum, it is possible to narrow the range of process configurations to be devised and compared. If the demand is expected to be low, then large-batch or continuous systems need not be considered; their inflexibility would be unsuitable for the production of a variety of low-volume products, and their potential for low unit costs would be unattainable. Likewise, if the demand is expected to be high, job shop/small-batch systems would not be considered; their high unit costs would render the product uncompetitive, and their flexibility would be superfluous.

However, it is worth mentioning in passing that, under the heading of mass customisation, equipment suppliers are putting great efforts into the development of advanced computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) systems which will provide the low unit costs of continuous systems and some of the flexibility of job shops. Consideration should also be given to the likely product life cycle curve and the expected durations of the start-up and rapid growth phases; for a product which, at maturity, reaches high volume, it may be necessary to change the type of production more than once during the product's life. Along with the change in volume and process flow type, as the product matures it is likely that the order winning criteria will also change, necessitating progressive amendment of the relevant measures of operational performance.


Related Discussions:- Process configurations - products

Challenges facing operations managers - operation function, Ques: What do y...

Ques: What do you consider to be the challenges facing operations managers today?  1. Interfacing with other managerial functions  2. Dealing with increased rates of change

Explain how might you use quality tools to determine, a) Determine the valu...

a) Determine the value of the p-bar, the mean fraction defective. Then determine the control limits for the p-chart using 99.73% confidence level (3 standard deviations). Is this p

Explain firms taking different business strategies, The value chain priorit...

The value chain priorities can be quite different for firms taking different business strategies. Create examples of value chains for three firms: one using cost leadership, anothe

Explain skilled nursing care, A nursing home contracts with an HMO for skil...

A nursing home contracts with an HMO for skilled nursing care at $2.00 PMPM. If costs are expected to average $120 per day, what is the maximum utilization of days per 1,000 member

Explain the preferred process for space and equipment, Susan is considering...

Susan is considering outsourcing the daily room clean-up for her motel to Duffy's Maid Service. Susan rents an average of 50 rooms rented for each of 365 nights (365*50=total rooms

Explain expects to perform the modifications to vehicles, Honda Motor Compa...

Honda Motor Company has discovered a problem in the exhaust system of one of its automobile lines and has voluntarily agreed to make the necessary modifications to conform with gov

Ethics, An airplane manufacturer has spent a great deal of money developing...

An airplane manufacturer has spent a great deal of money developing a new airplane. The company badly needs cash because it is financially overextended. If it does not get large or

Explain which the county is considering to lease, A private prisoner-transf...

A private prisoner-transfer facility would lease for $50,000 per year, which the county is considering to lease. It estimates it will cost $50 per prisoner to process the paperwork

Explain value differences among national cultures, What are some managerial...

What are some managerial styles you would employ in managing an emloyee who is considered baby boomer List and explain hofstedes five dimensions of value differences among natio

Explain random system component is adequately represented, Suppose 40 obser...

Suppose 40 observations of a random system component have been recorded as shown in the table below (these numbers are sorted). 0.0345 0.1079 0.1313 0.1452 0.1788 0.2101 0.2249

Write Your Message!

Captcha
Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd