Price Earnings Ratio
Price earnings (P/E) or ratio = Market price per share (MPS)/Earnings per share
OR = Market value of equity /Earning to Ord. Shareholders
A. P/E ratio is a reciprocal of earning yield or is EY. The MPS is the price at that a new share can be bought that is investment per share. The EPS is the annual income/earnings from each share.
B. PE consequently signifies the payback period that is number of years it will take to recover MPS from the annual earnings per share of the firm.