Polysaccharide sugars, Biology

 

Polysaccharide - polymer composed of monosaccharide monomers

Starch - Energy storage in plants à straight (amylose) and branched (amylopectin) chains of α-glucose
Glycogen - Energy storage in animals à highly branched chains of α-glucose
Cellulose - Structural component in plants à straight/connected chains of β-glucose à bonds alternate in direction
Chitan - structural component in fungi and crustaceans à chains of nitrogen containing β-glucose

  • Thus cellulose isn't digestible by humans
  • Used as fiber/roughage to aid in digestion

 

 

623_Polysaccharide Sugars.png                                                    200_Polysaccharide.png

           

Alpha glucose bonds                                                                                   

                                                                                                                                                  Beta glucose bonds

 

Posted Date: 8/20/2012 3:12:45 PM | Location : United States







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