Polychaete, mollusca and echinodermata, Biology

Polychaete, Mollusca and Echinodermata

Polychaete and Mollusca

The polychaetes have a trochophore larva. A common trochophore larva is top shaped bearing a tuft of cilia at the apical end and a band or girdle of cilia termed as the prototroch which rings the body about one third to one half the distance from the apical tuft. It is the swimming organ and collects suspended food particles. The gut is a complete tube and mouth opens posterior to prototroch. Trochophore larva is characteristic of polychaetes and molluscs.


Almost all larvae of echinoderms are planktonic. Not like the adults the larvae do not show pentamerous symmetry and do not have tube feet. They move by bands of cilia over the body and its projections. After a time of planktonic life a rudimentary skeleton starts to form and the larvae sink to the bottom to develop the adult shape and form.

Posted Date: 2/5/2013 1:58:20 AM | Location : United States

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