Plant classification according to ancient greeks and romans, Biology

Assignment Help:

Q. Plant classification according to Ancient Greeks and Romans?

Hippocrates, "The Father of Medicine" (460-377 B.C.) is reputed to have been one of Democritus 's disciples. He lived to an advanced age, being famous as the founder of the Hippocratic School of Medicine which started the study of the causes of disease. It cast new light upon the use of herbs. A list of about 240 plants used in medicine may be found in the writings of the Hippocratic School, but they were mentioned primarily for their medicinal properties, not being described botanically.

The Greek root diggers (rhizotomoi) and drug merchants (Pharmocopuloi), who engaged in the business of collecting and preparing drug from plants, acquired knowledge which must have been advantageous. Their knowledge of plants was,, however, empirical and full of superstitions and would have contributed little to the science of botany.

Aristotle, the Stagirite : The ptodigious activity of Aristotle (384-323 B.C.) marks the climax of the Golden Age of Greece. The very existence of his works proves not simply that he had an encyclopedic mind of the highest order, but also that a large amount of research had been accomplished by his predecessors. His deep mathematical knowledge was happily balanced by a very extensive acquaintance with every branch of natural history.

Aristotle was born in 384 B.C., the son of Nicomachus, physician to the royal family of Macedonia. Born in Stagira, a small Greek colony on the Macedonian coast, he was sometimes called the Stagirite. His father, Nicomachus, was a member of the guild of the Asclepiads which was composed of physicians' using herbs and other remedies known only to members of the guild. At seventeen, Aristotle went to Athens where he met and became a pupil of Plato. Aristotle, though essentially a biologist, was closely attached to his master and continued to be a member of his school until Plato's death in 347 B.C.

The plant was an integrated thing to Aristotle; leaves, shoots and roots were not mere appendages of the plant but were members of an organised thing. Each of them had its own characteristics but they had dependencies, relations, and harmonies which interacted to maintain the life of the whole.

Related Discussions:- Plant classification according to ancient greeks and romans

Describe metabolic acidosis and respiratory acidosis, Q. What is the differ...

Q. What is the difference between metabolic acidosis and respiratory acidosis and what is the difference between metabolic alkalosis and respiratory alkalosis? Respiratory acid

How many grams of sodium dodecyl sulfate, How many grams of sodium dodecyl ...

How many grams of sodium dodecyl sulfate (mw = 288.37) would you dissolve in 80 mLs of water to make a 20% solution of SDS?

Explain adsorption - colloidal particle, Adsorption - Colloidal particle ...

Adsorption - Colloidal particle Colloidal particles attract and hold to their surfaces the molecules of various gases, vapors and other matter with which they come into contact

Agro industrial-magnesium, Magnesium Magnesium is closely related to c...

Magnesium Magnesium is closely related to calcium and phosphorus in its dispersion and functions in the body. Most of the body’s magnesium is found in bones and muscles. Grass

#biology, why do ecological models commonly have limited applications ?

why do ecological models commonly have limited applications ?

Explain skin changes during kwashiorkor, Explain Skin changes During Kwashi...

Explain Skin changes During Kwashiorkor? In many cases, dermatosis (changes in skin) is seen. Such changes are common in areas of friction. Dark pigmented patches, akin to sun-

How are the epithelial tissues classified, Q. How are the epithelial tissue...

Q. How are the epithelial tissues classified? The epithelial tissues are classified according to the shape of the cells that form it epithelial cells may be columnar, cuboidal,

Australopithecines, The first ever australopithecine fossil was found in 19...

The first ever australopithecine fossil was found in 1924 at Taung, South Africa. It was the skull of a 6 year old child showing a mixture of human and ape like features. This a

Biotechnology... what is the answer/, At a biotechnologist, employment oppo...

At a biotechnologist, employment opportunities can be found in many areas. In addition to biotechnology companies, where can a scientist with a biotechnology background find employ

Write Your Message!

Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd