Planning of Water Transport Facilities:
Definition of Terms
In water transport system, a number of terms are used. It is necessary for a civil engineer to know the precise meaning of these terms.
It is a facility where ships can berth and transfer cargo and sometimes passengers (only rarely in modern times).
Harbour is a place where ships can be moored and sheltered from wind and waves.
Dock is an artificial enclosure for reception of ships.
A dock which can be rendered dry after a ship enters for repairs.
A structure projecting into the sea from the shore.
A continuous structure, generally acting as a retaining wall, along the shore line of a sea or banks of a canal or river.
A shed for temporarily storing cargo discharged from ships awaiting further transport by land, or cargo received from land transport and awaiting loading into ships.
A shed for storing cargo for longer period.