Physical layout - neonatal care unit, Biology

PHYSICAL LAYOUT

In this section we shall focus on location floor plan, ventilation, lighting environmental temperature and humidity, acoustic characteristic, communication system.

Space and Location
Each neonate should be provided with a minimum area of 100 square feet. Neonatal care unit should be located as close as possible to the labour room and obsteric operation theatre to facilitate prompt transfer of sick and high risk neonate.

Floor Plan
The neonatal care unit should be preferably in a square space so that abandoned open unencumbered space is available. The wall should be made of glazed tile and windows should have two layers of glass panes to ensure heat and sound insulations. Wash basins with elbow or foot operated tap having round the clock water supply should be provided. The door should be provided with automatic
door closures. Built in wall wooden cabinet with foldable cover should be used for stocking purposes. There should be isolation room where effected neonate with neonatal sepsis should be nursed. There should be breast feeding room for promoting practice of exclusive breast feeding and educating mothers.

Ventilation and Lighting
Effective air ventilation of nursery is essential to reduce nosocomial infection. The most satisfactory ventilation is achieved by laminated air flow system. Simple methods to achieve satisfactory ventilation consist of provision of exhaust fan in a reversed direction near the ceiling for input of fresh uncontaminated air and fixation of another exhaust fan in the conventional manner near the floor air exit. Constant positive air pressure should be maintained in the nursery so that contaminated air from the corridor does not gain access into the nursery. The nursery must be well illuminated and painted with white or slight *off-white to permit prompt and early detection of jaundice and cyanosis. It is best achieved by cool white fluorescent tubes to provide at least 100 foot candle, shadow free illumination at the infant level.

Environment Temperature and Humidity
The temperature of the nursery complex must be maintained around 28 +2 degree centigrade indoor to minimize effects of thermal stress on the babies. This is best achieved by centralized air conditioning having temperature control knobs in the nursery. Portable radiant heater, -infrared lamp or bulb can be used to provide additional source of heat to an individual infant. Humidity is maintained
around 50 per cent Neonatal care unit should be equipped with room thermometer and hygrometer.

Acoustic Characteristic and Communication System
Sound intensity in the nursery should not exceed 75 db to protect hearing of nursery personnel and infants. Telephone rings and equipment's alarms should be replaced by blinking light. Decibel meter should be installed to monitor sound level in the nursery. The beneficial and soothing effect of meaningful sound such as gentle music or recording of parent.voice should be harnessed to provide
physiologic stability to the babies.
The nursery complex should be provided with an intercom system so that additional person can be called for help in case of emergency. A direct line external telephone in mandatory so that parents have an easy access to enquire about welfare of their infants. Mobile phone should not be used near the vicinity of nursery because the electromagnetic waves are liable to interfere with the functioning of the electronic equipment.

Posted Date: 10/27/2012 3:47:02 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Physical layout - neonatal care unit, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Physical layout - neonatal care unit, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Physical layout - neonatal care unit Discussions

Write discussion on Physical layout - neonatal care unit
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Three point charges are located at the corners of an equilateral triangle. Find the magnitude and direction of the net electric force on the 1.60 uC charge. (Let A = 1.60 uC, B= 6.

Q. What is the vector of malaria? How different is its behavior from the behavior of the vector of dengue fever? The vector of malaria is the mosquito of the genus Anopheles, a

CL A W S - In rabbit and other animals claws present, made up of keratine or S. corneum. Dorsal plate is unguise & ventral plate is sub unguise . Helpful in digging

Removal of obturating material -Gutta percha . -Carrier  bassed gutta perca. -silver points . - paste type. - obstructed fracture instrument .

Determine Indicators used in monitoring and surveillance? Various simple indicators may be used such as: 1) Weight-for-height 2) Body mass index (weight in kg/square of h

An experiment with a floating egg Place an egg in a glass of fresh water and view it. Next add salt to the water and see if you can float the egg. How does this relate to the f

The chances of transmission in female is mor than males

How is the nervous system of nematodes organized? Where are the neural chords located in their body? Roundworms have a ganglial nervous system with an anterior neural ring sho

Basic Research Terms: Some of the basic  terms that are defined  in  this section are:  Assumptions Operational Definitions  Variables  Delimitation and Limitation  H

Systemic embolization occurs in 22 per cent to 50 per cent of cases of IE. Emboli often involve major arterial beds, including lungs, coronary arteries, spleen, bowel, and extremit