Physical arrangement of resistors, Physics

Physical arrangement of resistors:

Before we look at some problems it is necessary to warn you that physical appearances can be deceptive. When components are mounted they are usually done so in a manner as to reduce the space they occupy to a minimum. Care must be taken to decide whether they are mounted in series or parallel or in a combination of both.

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Thus on the Tag Board above, the resistors may appear to be in parallel, however, only R3 and R4 are in parallel.

SOLUTION OF RESISTOR NETWORKS USING OHM'S LAW

Many problems may be solved by combining series and parallel groups of resistors and applying Ohm's law. Remember that Ohm's law involves three quantities - I, V and R, thus to find any one quantity the other two must be known or be capable of determination. Where resistors appear in both series and parallel they may be reduced to a single effective resistance using a step-by-step sequence as follows.

• Combine any simple series groupings within branches ( R = R1 + R2 + --- ).
2300_physical arrangement of resistors1.png 
• Replace any simple parallel groups by single equivalent resistors  575_physical arrangement of resistors2.png 

2090_physical arrangement of resistors3.png 
• Combine any simple series groupings ( R = R1 + R2 + --- ). 

2269_physical arrangement of resistors4.png 
• Replace any simple parallel groups.
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• Determine the single equivalent resistance.

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At this point the total circuit current (Is) may be found if Vs is given, or Vs found if Is is given. Having determined Vs or Is, as appropriate, the current in any branch and the voltage drop across any resistor can be found by working backwards through the sequence in the first paragraph of this section, applying Ohm's law at each stage.

 

Posted Date: 9/13/2012 3:40:55 AM | Location : United States







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