People who are at risk from drug-nutrient interactions, Biology

Determine People who are at risk from drug-nutrient interactions?

People who are at risk from drug-nutrient interactions are the:

1. Persons who have a poor diet or in other words have a poor nutritional status. Existing malnutrition places patients at greater risk. Protein alteration, particularly low albumin level, as you may recall studying earlier, can effect drug disposition,

2. Persons who have serious health problems. Patients with active neoplastic diseases (cancer) or active acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) with significant anorexia and muscle wasting are at special risk.

3. Body composition: This is an important consideration in determining drug response. In obese or older patients, for instance, the proportion of adipose tissue to lean body mass is decreased. Accumulation of a drug and its metabolite in adipose tissue is greater, and may result in prolonged clearance and increased toxicity.

4. Foetus, growing children, pregnant women: These individuals are at high risk for drug nutrient interaction. The physiological changes that occur with age, such as a decrease in lean body mass and body water, fall in plasma protein concentration, and a general decline in renal and liver Function, mean that the risk of adverse drug reactions is much higher. Elderly people are also more likely to be given the types of drugs with powerful effects and which are most likely to have an impact on nutrition e.g., cytotoxic drugs, anti-Parkinson's drugs and antidiabetic drugs. Diminished salivation may make it more difficult to swallow tablets and oesophageal motility disorders may lead to bulky drugs sticking in the oesophageal mucosa. Other problems such as failing memory, poor hearing and vision, and difficulty with opening containers may mean that drug regimens are not followed correctly, particularly if they are complex. Many of these factors are likely to coexist in elderly people.

Posted Date: 6/18/2013 5:25:53 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- People who are at risk from drug-nutrient interactions, Assignment Help, Ask Question on People who are at risk from drug-nutrient interactions, Get Answer, Expert's Help, People who are at risk from drug-nutrient interactions Discussions

Write discussion on People who are at risk from drug-nutrient interactions
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
What are enzymes? What is the importance of enzymes for living beings? Enzymes are proteins that are catalysts of chemical reactions. From Chemistry it is called that catalysts

Why the orange trees are often sprayed with water? Although it is grossly counter-intuitive, whenever citrus groves are in risk of experiencing below-freezing temperatures, the

The scientist who described cells as “many little boxes” was

What organic molecules make up the cell membrane?

Factors Controlling Stomatal Aperture 'Khul Ja Sim Sim' the two rocks slide and the gates to a great treasure open. With these magic words "Ali Baba and Chalis Chor" could ope

Insulin Syringe To administer Insulin properly, familiarize yourself with information about insulin: (a) insulin syringes, (b) storage, (c) site selection (d) steps for injecti

Q. What is Goitrogens anti-thyroid substance? Ans. Goitrogenslanti-thyroid substances present in certain plant foods have been found to interfere with the uptake of iodine

Q. What is the typical feature of the epithelia? How different is it from the connective tissue? The typical feature of the epithelium is the almost absence or absence of space

Which of the following processes help bring oxygen to the body cells that are in a leg? A. Net flux of oxygen from red blood cells into blood plasma in the body capillaries in

What are the main endocrine glands of the human body? The major endocrine glands of the human body are the pineal gland (or pineal body), the hypophysis (or pituitary), the thy