Pathophysiology and assessment of iron deficiency anaemia, Biology

Pathophysiology 

Insufficient  amount of iron present in the body leads  to reduction in serum transferrin (Serum betaglobulin, which binds and transports iron) saturation.  This results  in decreased production of hemoglobin.  As  the haemoglobin production lessens, new red cells that are formed become smaller (Microcytic)  less well filled with hemoglobin  and pale (Hypochromic). Iron deficiency results  in reduced haemoglobin levels, diminished red cell formation and reduced oxygen carrying capacity of the blood, resulting  in anaemia. 

Assessment 

Your responsibility  as  a nurse is to  identify,  the  symptoms  like  irritability,  loss of appetite mainly  for solid foods, pica, pallor, lethargy, listlessness and constipation. The child may appear normal but his potential  for growth and development and intellectual performance is effected. 

The infant with iron deficiency anaemia is many a times over weight because of excessive intake  of milk and is called milk baby. Some children may be underweight because of anorexia. 

Diagnostic evaluation includes, thorough dietary history, blood examination which shows fall in RBC count, haemoglobin level (below 11 gm/dl), a lowered packed cell volume (PCV) mean corpuscular volume (MCV) mean cotpusular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC). Peripheral blood smear shows hypochromic, microcytic cells, serum ferritin concentration values below 10 mg/dl and serum iron levels are below 30 mg/dl and total iron binding capacity is elevated to 350 mg/dl. Stool is examined for ova, cysts and occult blood.

Posted Date: 10/26/2012 9:10:33 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Pathophysiology and assessment of iron deficiency anaemia, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Pathophysiology and assessment of iron deficiency anaemia, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Pathophysiology and assessment of iron deficiency anaemia Discussions

Write discussion on Pathophysiology and assessment of iron deficiency anaemia
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Determine the Signs and Symptoms of Bulimia? 1. Binges, minimum twice a week for three months 2. Purging a Menstrual irregularities 3. Swollen glands Frequent fluct

a) Produce annotated diagrams that illustrate how nerve impulses travel i) along a neurone ii) across a synapse.

The branches of the left coronary artery are  anterio interventricular artery (AIV artery) and circumflex artery which is considered to be the continuation of the left coronary art

When a wound occurs in humans, platelets in the blood activate a substance that starts clotting process. The substance which starts clotting is: a) Adenosine (pron: ah-den-ah-s

are there non-parasitic viruses

Illustrate the Applications of Gellan gum Gellan is a highly versatile food ingredient and has numerous applications in foods. The combination of gelatin with gellan, by compar

Define Essential Parts of Photocolorimeter - Sample Cuvettes? For accurate and precise reading, cuvette must be transparent, clean, devoid of any scratches and there should be

How does being able to reproduce asexually benefit the plant?

Advantages of vegetative propagation Vegetative propagation helps to maintain fixed qualities and characteristic features of the parent plant. For Example in ornamental p

what year was homo erectus fossils found