Other marc formats, Humanities

Other MARC Formats 

After the joint work of BNB and LC on the MARC format, other countries also quickly started development of their national formats. They are Canada (CANMARC), Australia (AUSMARC), Germany (MAB1), Italy (ANNAMARC), Danish (DANMARC), Spain (IBERMARC), Sweden (SWEMARC), etc. Growing enthusiasm on the part of national bibliographic agencies to develop their own MARC records resulted in the widespread use of the MARC format. But the only area of standardisation in these national formats was the record structure effected through the adoption of ISO 2709. They still showed wide variations in respect of content and content designators. Contents refers to the data elements and content designators to the tags, indicators, subfield codes, occurrence identifiers, etc., which describe or identify some attribute of a data element or group of data elements. These differences necessitated suitable programs to be written for one • agency to use the records of another. Within the LC MARC itself the variety of material added to the complexity of interchange of records. In August 1971 a recommendation was made to IFLA that they assume the responsibility for establishing an international standard for content designators. In August 1972, at IFLA General Conference in Budapest, the IFLA committee on cataloguing and the IFLA committee on mechanization jointly sponsored the IFLA Working group on Content Designators. This working group had the task for exploring the reasons for the differences between the different MARC formats arriving at a standard for the international exchange of data in machine readable form. To ensure coordination of efforts as widely as possible, all working papers were submitted to the ISO TC46/SC4 Working Group on Content Designators as well as to the UNISIST Working Group on Bibliographic Description which were both involved with formats for secondary services. As a result an international standard for content designators was taken up and this leads to the development of UNIMARC  

Posted Date: 10/25/2012 8:58:15 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Other marc formats, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Other marc formats, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Other marc formats Discussions

Write discussion on Other marc formats
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Pre-Coordinate Indexing Systems   Pre-coordinate indexing systems are conventional systems mostly found in printed indexes. In this type of system, a document is represented in

This assignment is all about corn. The word "corn" is actually from the Old World and means "grain." When the New World was "discovered" by the Europeans, corn was widely grown by

Purposes of a Library Catalogue   Libraries generally acquire reading and reference materials in various physical forms, which will be utilised by users for study, reference, r

Typed Cyclostyled Form   Revised version of bound register form came into existence due to the typewriter and cyclostyling machine. The entries are typed. Multiple copies (up t

EXPLAIN TRADE UNION PULL AND PUSH HYPOTHESIS

Explain the two types of Risk?  i. Personal Risk: An individual, who is given enough information, will be in a position to decide whether to take part in a risky activity or no

DISTINGUISH THEORIES FROM TRUTHS AND EXPLAIN WHY THEPRIES NEED CRITICAL REVIEW AND MODIFICATION

What is Ageing and Health- ? Please provide me report on Ageing and Health . It is about 2000 words count report on topic Ageing and Health . Ageing and Health- Ageing, irre

Directories In this section, we will introduce you to directories. A directory is one more category of ready reference tool possessing rich information needed by the library

how does infidelity from a wife in a marriage affect her as her husband''s agent in domestic agency of necessity?