Operations function - information system, Operation Research

The Operations Function has always relied heavily on information for its smooth running. During this course information has been introduced as one of the five inputs to the conversion process however it is now necessary to think of information not as a discrete input but as an entity that permeates and is attached to all parts of the conversion process and wider business. In addition to the more tangible and physical inputs required in terms of material, staff, facilities and capital a variety of information is required to accompany these such as: ?

How much of each type of material is required for this production run?

How many man-hours of labour are needed to complete this job?

What is the unit cost of each manufactured item?

What is the capability of this process?

While information has always been necessary more recently, with growing technological sophistication in both products and markets, the amount of information required has increased, the diversity in types of information available has grown and the methods of managing information have become more varied.

Information has therefore become more critical to the efficiency and competitive advantage of the organisation. Increasingly it has become the responsibility of the operations manager to define the information required by the organisation and to provision methods that capture, store and disseminate it whether it be for completion of work by those within the conversion process or for use in decision-making by those at the top of the organisation. In this chapter we will look at the basic building blocks of an Information System (IS). We will then define the term information and explain how it can be made useful to the organisation. We will go on to discuss the processes used to produce useable information and how to build these processes into our operation. Finally, the impact of increased use of technology on people within the organisation will be discussed.

Here are some key questions that you should consider as you read this chapter:

  • ? What information is crucial to your organisation?
  • ? How is this information gathered and used?
  • ? Can the use of an appropriate IS within your organisation lead to some previously unseen competitive advantage?
Posted Date: 3/14/2013 3:20:20 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Operations function - information system, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Operations function - information system, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Operations function - information system Discussions

Write discussion on Operations function - information system
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Observation and Data Collection for Better Understanding of the Problem: Many times actual observations by trained observers at the scene of operation may be difficult and da

. A paper mill produces two grades of paper viz., X and Y. Because of raw material restrictions, it cannot produce more than 400 tons of grade X paper and 300 tons of grade Y paper

A paper mill produces two grades of paper viz., X and Y. Because of raw material restrictions, it cannot produce more than 400 tons of grade X paper and 300 tons of grade Y paper i

Data Management As your  research project progresses you will  quickly  gather more  and more  data. These need  to be managed in such  a way that they  can be  accesses and

Chi Square Test as a Test of Homogeneit The X 2 test of homogeneity is an  extension of the chi square  test of independence of attributes. It is  designed to determine  whet

Maximize p = (3)x + 2y subject to 2x + y 3x + 4y >= 12

Demerits a.It cannot  be used in  the case  of  bi variate distribution. b.If the  numbers  of items  are greater than say  30, the calculation becomes  tedious  and  requ

What are the basic 5 elements of modeling process

different classification of models in operation research

we have three reservoirs with daily supplies of15, 20 and 25 litres of fresh water respectively. on each day we must supply four cities A B C D whose demands are 8 10 12 and 15 res