Operational Rules for Financial Management
Besides features, certain operational rules are established as to the subsequent:
1) While revenue and expenses are reported;
2) How expenses are matched to revenue;
3) What to do whenever a choice could be made that might overstate or understate figures; and
4) What type of information should be disclosed so that the reader will fully understand the circumstances under which the information is being presented?
5) There are also basic assumptions upon which the reader could rely, such as:
6) The information is associated to the business entity only and doesn't have any unrelated information mixed in,
7) The business is a going concern & won't cease operations soon;
8) The financial information presented is measured in exact time intervals such as a month, quarter or year. The financial information is using a certain unit of measure such as Dollars, Rupees, Pound, etc.
9) The particular information is presented at historical cost, i.e., while received, paid, or incurred; and
10) The technique of accounting being used is double-entry and not some other method.
One of the basic reasons of accounting is to give financial information about a business enterprise to several users of accounting information for decision making purpose.The user of accounting information widely uses the information for the purpose of assessing profitability, financial position and actual performance, investment decisions credit, assessing taxes, decision, protecting investors and public interest, setting economic policies, measuring social & environmental protection programmes and negotiating labour agreements.