Non-excludable resources, Other Subject

A third and final ground on which a resource may be left outside the threshold of property arises in cases of moral non-excludability. Here the term "moral" refers more relevantly to matters of public morality than of private morality. That is to say that the test of moral excludability is much more closely concerned with those social conventions or mores which promote integrative social existence than with any normative judgment about individual human conduct.

The notion of moral non-excludability derives from the fact that there are certain resources which are simply perceived to be so central or intrinsic to constructive human coexistence that it would be severely anti-social that these resources should be removed from the commons. To propertise resources of such social vitality is contra bons mores:  the resources in question are nonexcludable because it is widely recognised that undesirable or intolerable consequences would flow from allowing any one person or group of persons to control access to the benefits which they confer. Following such appropriation, there would not, in Locke's well known phrase, be "enough, and as good left in common for others". Consequently the courts, by differentiating between excludable and non-excludable resources, engage constantly in a range of latent policy decisions which shape the contours of the property concept. In setting the moral limits of "property", the courts effectively recognise that there is some serial ranking of legally protected values and interests: claims of "property" may sometimes be overridden by the need to attain or further more highly rated social goals. As we shall see, it is no accident that the goals to which "property" defers often relate to fundamental human freedoms. It is in the definition of moral non-excludables that the law of property most closely approaches the law of human rights.

Posted Date: 2/21/2013 6:21:00 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Non-excludable resources, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Non-excludable resources, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Non-excludable resources Discussions

Write discussion on Non-excludable resources
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Art Criticism: While most people think of 'criticism," they think instantly of the word and its negative connotations. To criticize is to "find fault with," in according to one de

Water Quality Division (WQD): The Water Quality Division (WQD) restores and protects the surface and ground waters of the District through: setting and enforcing water quality sta

Question: a) Define career structure and illustrate its importance in the career development process. b) Show the issues related to the concept of change and how these impa

There are two ways to classify the economic factors they can be either put in the microeconomic criteria or macroeconomic criteria. Switzerland is the 5th strongest country globall

Empirical approach: provisioning The first of the approaches that gained prominence in anthropology is that the perspective is fundamentally empirical and naturalistic. It rest

If I cheat on a test should I tell the teacher I dit it so? Is there such a thing as an ethical compromise?

Gothic architecture: In Europe Architectural style that lasted from the mid 12th century to the 16th century, specifically a style of masonry building characterized by cavernous s

The downstream reach of the Sacramento River in California receives the treated effluent from the City of Sacramento at mile point 53, the single significant input in this region.

what method usually involves two or more countries or cultures that have several things in common but differ in one particular dimension?

FEATURES of Universal currency Proponents argue that DGC presents a accurately global and borderless world currency system which is free of exchange rate variations and politic