Net angle of twist at the free end - steel shaft, Mechanical Engineering

Net angle of twist at the free end - steel shaft:

 The stepped steel shaft illustrated in Figure is subjected to a torque (T) at the free end and a torque (2T) in the opposite direction at the junction of the two sizes.

What is the net angle of twist at the free end, if the maximum shear stress in shaft is limited to 70 N/mm2?

Suppose the modulus of rigidity to the 0.84 × 105 N/mm2.

227_Net angle of twist at the free end.png


Torque at C = T (anticlockwise)

Torque at B = 2T (clockwise)

 Maximum shear stress, τm = 70 N/mm2

G = 0.84 × 105 N/mm2

Assume θ be the angle of twist at C.

Free Body Diagram

A reaction torque shall be induced at section A. Consider this torque be TA clockwise. Then total torque should vanish for equilibrium, thus,

TA  + TB  - TC  = 0


∴          TA  = TC  - TB  = T - 2T = - T

which means torque at A is equal to T in magnitude but opposite the supposed clockwise direction. TA is equal to T anticlockwise as illustrated in free body diagram of Figure .

1035_Net angle of twist at the free end1.png

Figure: Free Body Diagram

The situation is that the equal torques T (but opposite in direction behaves on two portions). The similar magnitude of torque in BC shall induce higher stress than in AB because of diameters as illustrated in Figure. Hence, T should be determined from the portion BC.

T =  (π /16) τm d 3  = (π /16) × 70 × (50)3  = 17.2 × 105  Nmm

J AB=  (π /32 )× (100)4  = 982 × 105  mm4

J BC =  (π/32 ) × (50)4  = 6.14 × 105  mm4

The angle of twist is the difference of twist of C w.r.t. B and the twist of B with respect to A. (As two are in opposite directions).

θBC = T LBC / G J BC       (anticlockwise)

θ AC= T LAB / GJ AB           (clockwise)

θ=θAC   =   (T /G) [LBC/ J BC - LAB / J AB ]          (anticlockwise)

849_Net angle of twist at the free end2.png

= (17.2 × 105 /0.84 × 105)[   (1.8 × 103/ 6.14 × 105 ) - (1.2 × 103  / 98.2 × 105) ]?

= 20.5 [0.293 - 0.0122] × 10- 2

= 0.058 rad. = 3.3 deg.

or θ = 3o 18′

Posted Date: 1/21/2013 2:57:20 AM | Location : United States

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