Nervous system - cranial nerves, Biology

CRANIAL NERVES

  • 12 pairs. Total weight 12 gms.
  • Upto amphibian 10 pairs cranial nerves are present.
  • 1, 2, 8, - sensory. 3, 4, 6, 11, 12, motor. 5, 7, 9, 10 - mixed.
  • 3, 7, 9, 10 th attached to ANS also.

S.N.

 

1.

NO.

 

I

NAME

 

Olfactory

ORIGIN & DISTRIBUTION

 

Olfactory epithelium

2.

II

Optic

Retina

3.

III

Oculomotor

Eye muscle

4.

IV

Pathetic (Trochlear)

Eye muscle

 

5.

 

V

(Smallest)

Trigeminal (Thickest)

 

 

 

Dentist Nerve

 

 

 

In it glassarian ganglion present

 

 

(a) Ophthelmic

(b) Maxillary

(c) Mendibular

Snout Upper jaw Lower jaw

6.

VI

Abducens (Thinnest)

Eye muscle

7.

VII

Facial

 

 

 

(a) Palatine

Buccal cavity

 

 

(b) Hyomendibular

Tongue

 

 

8.

 

 

VIII

(c) Chorda tympani

Auditory

Salivary gland

 

 

(a) Vestibular

 

 

 

9.

 

 

IX

(b) Cochlear

Glossopharyngeal

Ear

 

 

(a) Lingual

Tongue

 

 

10.

 

 

X

(b) Pharyngeal

Vagus (Largest)

Pharynx

 

 

(a) Anterior laryngeal

Larynx

 

 

(b) Cardiac depressor

Heart

 

 

(c) Recurrent laryngeal

Larynx

 

 

(d) Main vagus

Heart, Lungs, Stomach, Intestine

 

 

Also known as pneumogestric

 

 

 

or wandering nerve.

 

11.

XI

Accessory Spinal

Muscle of neck & shoulder

12.

XII

Hypoglossal

Tongue & lower jaw

Posted Date: 10/3/2012 1:47:07 AM | Location : United States







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