Natural rubber, Chemistry

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Natural rubber: Natural rubber is obtained by making small incisions on the bark of certain types of trees, like "Have a brasiliensis" and "Ganynle". White milky liquid substance (rubber latex) from the rubber tree by tapping is obtained. Latex is sieved to remove impurities then coagulated using coagulants like acetic acid or formic acid. Coagulated mass convert into coagulum. Coagulum is washed, dried and treated as follows:

1. Copper rubber: It is prepared by adding, little amount of sodium bisulphite, a retarder prevents, the discoloration and softening of rubber. Coagulum is allowed to drain for about two hours and after that it is passed through a creeping machine to form sheets of rubber of about 1 mm.

2. Smoked sheet: For preparing smoked sheets coagulation is carried out in long tanks. Sides of the tank have vertical grooves fitted with metal plates. First, dilute latex is added into the tanks and before that plates are removed. Coagulating agent, formic acid or acetic acid is then added and mixture is thoroughly stirred then plates are fitted and allowed to dry slabs are formed.

 

 


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