Multivariate analysis of variance, Advanced Statistics

Multivariate analysis of variance is the procedure for testing equality of the mean vectors of more than two populations for the multivariate response variable. The method is directly analogous to the analysis of the variance of univariate data except that the groups are compared on q response variables at the same time. In the univariate case, F-tests are used to assess hypotheses of interest. In the multivariate case, though, no single test statistic can be constructed which is optimal in all situations. The most extensively used of the available test statistics is Wilk' slambda (L) which is based on the three matrices W(the within groups matrix of the sums of squares and products), T (the total matrix of sums of the squares and cross-products)and B (the among groups matrix of sums of squares and the cross-products), can be defined as follows: 
966_multivariate analysis.png 
These matrices satisfy the following written equation
125_multivariate analysis1.png 

Wilk's lambda is given by ratio of the determinants of the W and T, that is

1917_multivariate analysis2.png 

The statistic, L, can be transformed to provide a F-test to assess null hypothesis of the equality of the population of the mean vectors. Additionally to L a number of other test statistics are available.

Posted Date: 7/30/2012 5:58:35 AM | Location : United States

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