Modern concept of preventive medicine, Science

Modern Concept of Preventive Medicine:

Now  let us  see how  the current concept of preventive medicine came into being. The story began only 150 years ago. People returning from a trip to USA, Europe or Japan undoubtedly are very fascinated and narrate modem technological advances. Another aspect they often remark on is the cleanliness observed  in their cities. Would you believe that a person who throws garbage outside the house or on the road or even on the highway has to pay a heavy fine? Were these nations as clean as they are  today? No, in fact, about 150  years ago, after  the Industrial Revolution, working class people of western countries lived  in extremely filthy conditions. Piles of refuse in front of houses, lack of sewerage, slaughter houses full of  flies, etc. were similar  to what we witness in the dd  crowded areas of  Indian cities and  in most of our villages today. Till then,  the western people did not know  that filth was the greatest enemy of  their health. During  the Industrial Revolution in  Europe, a close  connection between disease and sanitary conditions was demonstrated. At  that time as.many as 30  families shared one lavatory. Outbreak of epidemic diseases like cholera was very common. It was observed  that  labourers suffered a far higher incidence of disease  than the middle and upper classes.

As a result of these findings,  the concept of  state accepting responsibility  of people's health appeared,  and state health laws were made and enforced by  the police. A major epidemic of cholera occurred in  1832  in England. Then the sanitary cpnditions of  the working class wereinvestigated.  

It led to the belief that cholera and other diseases arose from the stinking gases that accompanied decaying animal matter. Water was found to have a role in the transmission  of disease. In  1848. England promulgated its Public Health Act, which defined  the role of  the state  in peoples' health and led to a great awareness  about sanitary matters. In  1875,  the Public Health Act defined the steps for a clean environment  and for clean water. Other European countries and America followed suit. Steps were taken to ensure clean water, smundings, houses and for control of offensive trades, such as carrying of  garbage  or excreta.  

Posted Date: 9/28/2012 8:19:17 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Modern concept of preventive medicine, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Modern concept of preventive medicine, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Modern concept of preventive medicine Discussions

Write discussion on Modern concept of preventive medicine
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Substances Used In Measuring Extracellular Fluid Volume Substances used in measuring Extracellular Fluid Volume - The Concept of "Fluid Space" Substances that have been used

Oxidoreductases To this group (EC  1) beIongs all enzymes catalyzing oxidation-reduction reactions. Common  names  include dehydrogenases, oxidazes,  reductases  and  catalases.


Night Sky: When you look up at the sky on a clear night, what do you-see? Most of  it is dotted with twinkling stars. You may see the moon or Venus as a bright point or Mars as

What is a hormone? A hormone, as you may already know, can be described as a chemical substance which having been formed in one particular organ or a gland is carried in the bl


Q. List any three human activities which would lead to an increase in the carbon dioxide content of air (i) Burning of fuels in various processes like heating, cooking, transpor

What are the differences between prejudice, discrimination and stereotype? Prejudice; This is generally referred to as being unfair, bias or opinions towards another person

Nature of scientific knowledge: Science, as we have seen, is  inseparable from the rest of human endeavour. In the past  few thousand years of human history, an immense fund of

Conducting experiments on animals (i) The qualifications or experience of the person(s) performing experiments on animals. (ii) Comfortable conditions provided, and animals