Methods is a tool or a techniques used to collect data. It is procedure for obtaining knowledge based on empirical observation and logical reasoning.
Field Study Methods: This is the methods which involves direct study of field situations. The field study is concerned with a thorough account of the processes under investigation ( say study of poverty and unemployment in the village) than with their typically in a large universe. In field study methods subjects are observed under their usual environmental conditions of life rather than under laboratory conditions. The subjects may or may not be aware of beings observed. Often interview are used in this methods.