Memory unit of computer:
The Memory unit is an important component of a computer where all the data and information are stored in the form of binary digits (combination of 0?s and 1?s) and retrieved whenever necessary. Computer systems use a variety of devices for storing instructions and data. The computer memory is the place where the computer holds data and programs that are in use. Computer memory refers to the physical devices in a computer. If our computer?s CPU had to constantly access the hard drive to retrieve every piece of data it requires, the operation will be very slow. On the other hand, when the data or information is kept in memory the CPU can access it much more quickly. From the time the computer is turned on until the time it is shut down, the CPU is constantly using the memory system. The act of entering data into a storage location is called a memory write operation, and the act of retrieving data from a storage location is called a memory read operation. Data and instructions are moved, to and from memory, in bunches of word length. These memory devices are categorised according to access time, storage capacity and cost-per-bit of storage.