Measures to prevent Accidents
1. Proper Selection of Workers: A scientific selection of workers is more important from safety point of view. The attitude and aptitude of workers may bee tested through various psychological tests and interviews at the time of selection. As far as possible experience must be taken into consideration while selecting a candidate for risky jobs.
2. Trading :L A good training helps in reducing the accidents. If workers are imparted training the accidents willbe reduced automatically because trained workers will handle the machinery cautiously.
3. Strict Discipline: In order to reduce accidents strict discipline in industry is very necessary so that the workers may concentrate his attention on the work.
4. Safety Programme: The big units may establish a safety department in the organization which educate the workers by developing various safety programmes and imparting training.
5. Statutory Provisions: The Indian Factories Act1948 provides certain measures as regards safety in Indian industries. Some important provisions of the act are.
a. Fencing of very prime mover and its every moving part and very flywheel connected to prime mover and of any other dangerous part.
b. No woman or young person is allowed to clean and lubricate the machine while in motion..
c. Employment of young person on dangerous machines is restricted unless they are fully trained or work is undertaken under adequate supervisions of a trained and experienced person.
d. Provision of lifts to carry the goods should be made .
e. Every factory must provide adequate precautions in case of fire.
6. Safety Policy: Every industrial establishment should formulate and implement a safety policy. On the basis of safety policy a safety programme should also be s peat out. Such a programme should aim at reducing the number of factors, which are likely to cause accidents and developing safe working habits among its employees. Safety programme must have top management support and active cooperation of worker. Safety must be an integral part of all phases of planning supervision and control.
7. Safety Committee: There must be a safety committee in every organization consisting of representatives of both employer and the employees. It should be headed by a safety director or safety manager. The main function of the committee is to educate the workers about the safety measures and also educate and impress upon the managers about the safety measures requires in the establishment. The safety programme should also he formulated and implemented through the safety committee.
8. Safety Devices: Sufficient provisions of safety devices such as safety glasses to protect the eyes from hazards or fire glare dust and fumes hard protective caps to protect head injuries gas masks and hand gloves to protect hand from acids safety shoes etc. Should be provided to guard against any accident. The personnel should be trained in making use of such safety devices.