Measures to prevent accidents, Operation Management

Measures  to prevent Accidents

1. Proper Selection  of Workers: A scientific selection  of workers  is more  important from safety  point  of view.  The attitude  and  aptitude  of workers may bee  tested  through  various  psychological  tests  and interviews  at the time  of selection. As far as  possible  experience must be    taken into  consideration while  selecting  a candidate for risky  jobs.

2. Trading :L A good  training  helps  in reducing the  accidents. If  workers  are imparted  training  the  accidents  willbe  reduced  automatically   because trained  workers  will  handle  the machinery  cautiously.

3. Strict  Discipline: In order to  reduce accidents strict discipline in industry is very  necessary  so  that the  workers may  concentrate his attention on the  work.

4. Safety Programme: The big  units  may establish  a safety  department  in the organization  which  educate the  workers  by developing  various  safety programmes  and imparting  training.

5. Statutory  Provisions: The Indian Factories  Act1948  provides certain  measures  as regards  safety in Indian  industries. Some important  provisions of the act are.

a. Fencing of very prime  mover and its every moving  part and   very flywheel  connected  to  prime  mover   and of any other dangerous part.

b. No woman  or young  person  is  allowed  to clean  and  lubricate the machine  while  in motion..

c. Employment  of young  person  on dangerous  machines  is restricted unless  they  are fully trained or work is undertaken under adequate supervisions  of a trained  and experienced person.

d. Provision of lifts  to carry  the goods  should  be made .

e. Every  factory  must  provide  adequate  precautions  in case  of fire.

6. Safety  Policy: Every industrial  establishment  should  formulate  and implement  a safety policy. On  the basis of safety  policy  a safety  programme should  also be s peat out. Such  a programme  should  aim at reducing the  number of factors, which  are likely  to cause accidents and developing safe  working  habits among its employees.  Safety  programme must  have top  management  support and active  cooperation of  worker. Safety  must be  an integral part of  all phases of  planning  supervision  and control.

7. Safety Committee: There must  be a safety  committee  in every  organization  consisting of  representatives  of both employer and the employees. It should  be headed by a safety director  or safety manager. The  main function  of the committee is to  educate the workers about  the safety  measures and  also educate and impress upon  the managers about  the safety  measures  requires  in the  establishment. The  safety  programme should  also he  formulated  and implemented through the  safety  committee.

8. Safety  Devices: Sufficient  provisions  of safety  devices  such as safety  glasses to  protect  the eyes  from  hazards  or fire glare dust and fumes hard protective caps to protect  head  injuries gas masks and hand gloves to protect hand from  acids safety shoes etc. Should  be provided to guard against  any accident. The personnel  should  be trained in  making  use of such  safety  devices.

Posted Date: 2/25/2013 6:41:28 AM | Location : United States

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