MCNAUGHTON'S CASE AND LAW:
In 1843, McNaughton shot and killed Sir Robert Peel's secretary Edward -Drymmond. It was shown that McNaughton suffered from a number of delusions of persecution and that killing had been inspired by these delusions, and the judge directed the jury to find him not guilty. After lot of a debate in the House of Lords the famous McNaughton's Rules were formulated in England. India also followed the rules dealing with criminal responsibility. McNaughton's rules have been adopted by section 84 of Indian Penal Code of 1860 states that "Nothing is an offense which is done by a person who, at the time of doing it by reason of unsoundness of mind, was incapable of knowing the nature of the act or that what he is doing was either wrong or contrary to law."
NARCOTIC DRUGS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCE ACT 1985 (NDPSA):
Drug dependence in India is dealt in law under Narcotic drugs and psychotropic substance Act. The act, was enacted on 16th September, 1985. It replaces the earlier Opium Acts and Dangerous Drugs Act. The Act includes Narcotic drugs like opium, poppy, heroin, cannabis, cocaine, coco and all related synthetic 'drugs' and psychotropic substances e.g. major and minor tranquilizers, barbiturates, etc. In this Act if a person produces, possesses, sells, transports, imports or uses any narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances, he or she shall be punishable with rigorous imprisonment for not less than 10 years with a fine of not less than 1 lakh rupees. For repeated offence, the punishment is rigorous imprisonment for not less than 15 years and a fine of not less than 1.5 lakhs.