Matrix organisation structure, Project Management

Matrix organisation

A matrix organisation is a combination of functional and project organisation. A weak matrix organisation has most of the characteristics of a functional organisation. The project manager's role is limited to coordinating with few authorities. A weak matrix organisation structure is illustrated in figure.

768_weak matrix structure.png

Figure 3.4: Weak matrix organisation structure

A strong matrix organisation characteristic is similar to that of a project organisation. It has a full-time project manager who has a project administrative team. In a matrix organisation the project management team has to report to a project manager as well as functional manager who provide technical and functional skills. A strong matrix organisation is illustrated in figure 3.5.

1107_matrix structure.png

Figure : Strong matrix organisation structure

Characteristics

  • Since matrix organisation has characteristics of both the project and functional organisation, project team reports to both functional and project lines.
  • Project team members report to a functional manager for requirements, economic evaluation and feasibility, changing priority, allocation of work and final reports.
  • A project manager's job is refining tasks, assigning, planning and budgeting and project scheduling.
  • A project manager has more power than the functional matrix in a strong matrix organisational structure. A functional manager has more power in a weak matrix structure.

Advantages

  • A matrix structures has the combined advantages of both functional structure and project structure. Human resource and skills are less redundant, which can be applied to different projects if need be.
  • Project requirements and functional organisation polices conflicts can be can be perceived and resolved more readily.
  • The expertise of both functional and project management is readily available to address complex issues and coordinate various tasks.
  • This method results with project completion in less time and lower cost.

Disadvantages

  • Communication is difficult to manage because of dual management lines.
  • Conflicting  instructions  from  project  and  functional  managers  waste team member's time and effort in clarifying them. Slows reactions in meeting changing project requirements.
  • Might lead to conflicts and competition between project and functional management leading to confusion and demoralisation of team members.
  • If quick resolutions are not provided to conflicting priorities and personal struggle, it can damage the project.
Posted Date: 9/28/2012 6:36:15 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Matrix organisation structure, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Matrix organisation structure, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Matrix organisation structure Discussions

Write discussion on Matrix organisation structure
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
The analogy method of estimating is frequently used to produce broad-brush evaluates at the start of a project. Why this method is mainly suited to such application? Determinin

Business losses per defect that happens during operation Business interruption costs; costs of work-arounds Lost sales and lost goodwill Litigation costs resulting from de

Problem 1: Describe the importance of Employee Relations Management in an organisation. Describe employee relations management Importance of employee relations managem

I have an assignment to submit in the above mentioned topics. Please respond me as soon as possible with the required info and i will send you the assignment details after our mutu

Question 1: (a) What are the steps involved in the project management process? (b) Describe how project planning can help in the management of projects? Question 2:

Bidding is a process in which you  quote money in exchange of goods or services through an auction. They are two types of auctions: open auction and silent auction. In an open auc

Question: (a) Why is project monitoring important? (b) Outline the aspects you would check in a project monitoring meeting? (c) What corrective actions can be taken in th

Question 1: (a) Mr Dupuy, the Chaiperson of the Rose Flower Senior Citizen Association having its seat at 30 Avenue Des Loisirs Pointes-aux-sables wishes to call a meeting of m

What are the advantages of the revolution of changing in information technology? The positive side of the strides made within the realm of information technology is more benefi

• Develop a project concept. Find a stakeholder who will act as sponsor for the project. Outline the business problem that the system is intended to address, and establish an initi