Matrix organisation structure, Project Management

Matrix organisation

A matrix organisation is a combination of functional and project organisation. A weak matrix organisation has most of the characteristics of a functional organisation. The project manager's role is limited to coordinating with few authorities. A weak matrix organisation structure is illustrated in figure.

768_weak matrix structure.png

Figure 3.4: Weak matrix organisation structure

A strong matrix organisation characteristic is similar to that of a project organisation. It has a full-time project manager who has a project administrative team. In a matrix organisation the project management team has to report to a project manager as well as functional manager who provide technical and functional skills. A strong matrix organisation is illustrated in figure 3.5.

1107_matrix structure.png

Figure : Strong matrix organisation structure

Characteristics

  • Since matrix organisation has characteristics of both the project and functional organisation, project team reports to both functional and project lines.
  • Project team members report to a functional manager for requirements, economic evaluation and feasibility, changing priority, allocation of work and final reports.
  • A project manager's job is refining tasks, assigning, planning and budgeting and project scheduling.
  • A project manager has more power than the functional matrix in a strong matrix organisational structure. A functional manager has more power in a weak matrix structure.

Advantages

  • A matrix structures has the combined advantages of both functional structure and project structure. Human resource and skills are less redundant, which can be applied to different projects if need be.
  • Project requirements and functional organisation polices conflicts can be can be perceived and resolved more readily.
  • The expertise of both functional and project management is readily available to address complex issues and coordinate various tasks.
  • This method results with project completion in less time and lower cost.

Disadvantages

  • Communication is difficult to manage because of dual management lines.
  • Conflicting  instructions  from  project  and  functional  managers  waste team member's time and effort in clarifying them. Slows reactions in meeting changing project requirements.
  • Might lead to conflicts and competition between project and functional management leading to confusion and demoralisation of team members.
  • If quick resolutions are not provided to conflicting priorities and personal struggle, it can damage the project.
Posted Date: 9/28/2012 6:36:15 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Matrix organisation structure, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Matrix organisation structure, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Matrix organisation structure Discussions

Write discussion on Matrix organisation structure
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
application of differential costing in project

RF and JT are both former international rugby players who, when they retired, formed their own business, WFH Trading Company.  The company that they established initially manufactu

Explain about the Break Even Analysis. Break Even Analysis: Break even Analysis means that at some point within the operations, total revenue equivalent to total cost. Break ev

1)  Compare your chosen Whole Healing System and Modality by considering: a)  When and by who were they 'invented'? b)  How have the therapies changed over time? c)  What

summarise the argument for such a policy of partnering with a major supplier such as BAA and MACE HAVE DON HERE

Directing (leading) This is the function concerned with influencing organizational members to carry out their assigned roles and activities. This function includes motivation,

OUTPUTS OF QUALITY PLANNING

Describe the follow-up phase, in short. Follow-up phase: Although this is extremely significant, the follow-up phase is frequently neglected. Throughout this phase, the w

What is operational and behavioural symptoms

J, the Finance Director, is preparing for an important negotiation with P, the Marketing and Sales Director, regarding the way the company's sales targets will be set in the future